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Financial Regulatory Developments Focus
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The following posts provide a snapshot of the principal U.S., European and global financial regulatory developments of interest to banks, investment firms, broker-dealers, market infrastructures, asset managers and corporates.

  • International Organization of Securities Commissions Priorities for 2020
    01/30/2020

    The International Organization of Securities Commissions has published its annual work program, setting out its priorities for 2020. IOSCO will continue to focus on the five areas identified by its Board in 2019 as well as one new issue. The areas of focus are:
    • Crypto-assets: following its consultation last year, in February 2020, IOSCO will publish a final report on issues, risks and regulatory considerations relating to crypto-asset trading platforms. IOSCO will also publish the outcome of its review of the regulatory risks relating to investment funds exposures to crypto-assets. Finally, a report will be issued in early 2020 on issues relating to Global Stablecoins.
    Read more.
  • UK Regulator Outlines Priorities for Supervising Benchmark Administrators
    01/24/2020

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has written to the CEOs of benchmark administrators that it supervises. In the letter, the FCA sets out its supervisory strategy as well as the potential harms that benchmark administrators pose to their customers and to the financial markets. The FCA is asking all benchmark administrators to consider the harm that their firm may present and to consider how those could be mitigated. The FCA intends to focus over the next two years on the following areas to ensure that its supervision of benchmark administrators mitigates the identified risks:
    • Quality of standards: the quality of an administrator's governance and controls, the information provided in their Benchmark Statement, their recalculation and cessation policies, their outsourcing arrangements and their approach to operational resilience; and
    • Excessive fees and costs: the FCA is concerned that competition may not be working well in the provision of benchmarks following the feedback received to its Wholesale Sector Competition Review and Asset Management Market Study. The FCA intends to carry out a Call for Input on access to data in wholesale markets so that it can gain a better understanding of the issues and determine whether any action is needed.
    Read more.
  • Bank of England and UK Conduct Regulator Announce Proposals for Financial Sector Data Reforms
    01/07/2020

    The Bank of England and U.K. Financial Conduct Authority have published a series of proposals setting out their plans to enhance their data and analytics capabilities. The proposals include a revised FCA data strategy, a BoE discussion paper on transforming data collection and a viability report published by the FCA and BoE, together with seven regulated firms, on the possibilities of digital regulatory reporting. The FCA and BoE depend on data to conduct their supervisory responsibilities.  

    Read more.
  • European Banking Authority Launches Consultation on Draft Technical Standards Identifying Material Risk Impact Staff Subject to Compensation Requirements
    12/19/2019

    The European Banking Authority has launched a consultation on its draft Regulatory Technical Standards setting out the criteria for identifying staff whose professional activities have a material impact on credit institutions’ risk profiles. The EBA is required to produce the RTS under the revised Capital Requirements Directive (CRD V), in support of the CRD requirement that remuneration policies for staff whose professional activities have a material impact on the credit institution’s risk profile are appropriate to the size, nature and complexity of the credit institution in question. 

    Read more.
  • International Organization of Securities Commissions Consults on Combating Conduct Risks in Debt Capital Raising
    12/16/2019

    The International Organization of Securities Commissions has launched a consultation on methods of addressing potential conflicts of interest and other conduct risks that arise from market intermediaries’ participation in the debt capital raising process. Responses should be submitted by February 16, 2020.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Publishes Feedback on Climate Change and Green Finance Projects
    12/16/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a feedback statement on its proposals for improving climate change disclosures and the information given to consumers about green financial products and services. The feedback statement follows the FCA’s discussion paper on climate change and green finance, in which it sought comments on potential changes to its regulatory approach in these areas. 

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Publishes Consultation on Proposed Miscellaneous Changes to Rules
    12/06/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a consultation on its proposed changes to various aspects of the FCA Handbook.

    Read more.
  • UK FICC Market Standards Board Consults on Draft Statement of Good Practice for Sovereign and Supranational Fixed Income Markets Auctions
    12/02/2019

    The U.K. FICC Market Standards Board is consulting on its draft Statement of Good Practice for Participation in Sovereign and Supranational Auctions in Fixed Income Markets. The FMSB is a standards setting body operated by wholesale market participants that was established in 2015. It is mandated to issue Standards that improve conduct in the wholesale Fixed Income, Currencies and Commodities markets. FMSB Member Firms are expected to consider their practices in light of the Standards, but the Standards are not binding and non-compliance will not affect whether a firm is deemed to have met its regulatory obligations.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Publishes Consultation on Extension of Senior Managers Regime to Benchmark Administrators
    11/29/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a consultation paper seeking feedback on its proposals for the extension of the Senior Managers’ Regime to benchmark administrators. The FCA’s SMR was originally implemented for banks in 2016 and was extended to all authorized investment firms in December 2019. Benchmark administrators were only obliged to become FCA-authorized by the end of 2019 pursuant to the EU Benchmark Regulation, and so were granted a one-year extension from the roll-out of the SMR.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Publishes Feedback on Regulatory Framework for Stewardship Discussion Paper
    10/24/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a feedback statement on the discussion paper, “Building a regulatory framework for effective stewardship” that it published in January 2019 together with the Financial Reporting Council. The discussion paper called for input on how best to encourage the capital markets community to engage more actively in “stewardship” of the assets in which they invest. 

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Publishes Feedback on Climate Change and Green Finance Projects
    10/16/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a feedback statement on its proposals for improving climate change disclosures and the information given to consumers about green financial products and services. The feedback statement follows the FCA’s discussion paper on climate change and green finance, in which it sought comments on potential changes to its regulatory approach in these areas.

    Read more.
  • UK FICC Markets Standards Board Publishes Statement of Good Practice on Conflicts of Interest
    10/14/2019

    The U.K. Fixed Income, Currencies and Commodities Markets Standards Board has published a statement of good practice for the FICC markets on conflicts of interest. The statement of good practice represents the FMSB’s view of best practice but is not subject to the FMSB’s adherence framework, so failure to comply will not indicate a failure to meet regulatory obligations.

    Read more.
  • UK Prudential Regulator Finalizes Policy on Resolution Assessments For Senior Managers Regime
    09/27/2019

    The U.K. Prudential Regulation Authority has published a Policy Statement and final rules on resolution assessments and reporting amendments under the Senior Managers and Certification Regime. The PRA also published updated versions of "Strengthening individual accountability in banking" (SS28/15) and "Senior Managers Regime form: Statement of Responsibilities". The changes will take effect on December 9, 2019. The PRA has made minor changes to the drafting to take into account feedback and the measures announced on July 31, 2019 on resolvability assessments for all U.K. banks. The changes to the prescribed responsibility for recovery plans and resolution packs will impact U.K. banks and building societies with £50 billion or more in retail deposits. The changes to the Statement of Responsibilities will affect all PRA-regulated firms, unless they will not be subject to resolvability assessments in future.

    View the Policy Statement.

    View the updated rules and documentation.

    View details of the final resolvability assessment framework for all U.K. banks.
  • Banking Standards Board Publishes Good Practice Guidance on Regulatory References
    09/03/2019

    The Banking Standards Board has published a statement of good practice for firms when providing and requesting regulatory references in accordance with the Senior Managers and Certification Regime. The SM&CR for banks and building societies was established in 2016 to improve management within banking sector firms. The regime includes a requirement for firms to request references when determining whether a candidate is suitable for a senior management function, certification function or non-executive director function. 

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Concludes No Changes Needed to Banking Senior Managers Regime
    08/05/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published the findings of its review into the implementation of the Senior Managers and Certification Regime for the banking sector. The SM&CR came into force for banking firms in March 2016 with the aim of making individuals in the banking sector more accountable for their conduct. The FCA conducted the review to determine how the SM&CR has been implemented in the three years since its introduction. The review is intended to aid understanding of the impact of the regime and the FCA does not intend to make any policy changes on the basis of its findings. The FCA's review focuses on the implementation of the existing banking SM&CR, but an expanded SM&CR regime will come into force for all FCA solo-regulated firms from December 9, 2019. Firms falling within scope of the expanded regime should, where appropriate, also take the findings of the FCA's review into account in their implementation of the SM&CR.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Publishes Final Senior Managers & Certification Regime Rules for Extended Regime
    07/26/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published its final rules extending the Senior Managers and Certification Regime to all FCA solo-regulated firms. The final rules take into account responses to the FCA's consultation paper issued in January 2019, which proposed changes to optimize the expanded regime. 

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Consults on Firms' Treatment of Vulnerable Consumers
    07/23/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has launched a consultation on its proposed guidance on how financial services firms should treat "vulnerable" consumers. The consultation will be divided into two stages: the first stage focuses on: (i) whether the draft guidance covers the right issues and provides sufficient clarity to firms on what they should do to improve outcomes for vulnerable consumers; (ii) the potential impact of the guidance on firms' costs and the potential benefit to consumers of the implementation of the guidance; and (iii) whether the guidance is sufficient to ensure firms take appropriate action to treat vulnerable consumers fairly or whether additional policy interventions are required. The second stage will seek input on a revised draft of the guidance, which will take account of feedback received during the first stage, together with a cost-benefit analysis. Responses to the first stage of the consultation should be provided by October 4, 2019.

    Read more.
  • UK's Expanded Senior Managers and Certification Regimes Enter into Force
    07/17/2019

    The Bank of England and Financial Services Act 2016 (Commencement No. 6 and Transitional Provisions) Regulations 2019 have been made. The Regulations bring into force, from December 9, 2019, the expanded Senior Managers and Certification Regimes for all Financial Conduct Authority solo-regulated firms authorized under the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000, which include asset managers and investment firms carrying out certain activities. These firms need to complete their initial certification assessments for existing certified staff and new hires by December 9, 2020, although they must have identified certification staff by December 9, 2019. A transitional provision states that the regime will only apply to Claims Management Companies that are authorized by the FCA by December 9, 2019 and to other CMCs on the date that they obtain their authorization.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Publishes New Measure of Market Cleanliness
    07/09/2019

    The U.K.'s Financial Conduct Authority has published details of its Abnormal Trading Volume ratio, a new metric by which the FCA intends to measure "market cleanliness". Market cleanliness refers to the level of market abuse activities, such as insider dealing or market manipulation, affecting transactions in the market. The FCA currently monitors market abuse using a variety of tools, including the mandatory submission of suspicious transaction and order reports by those involved in executing certain types of financial market transactions.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Publishes Annual Report
    07/09/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published its Annual Report and Accounts for the year ended March 31, 2019. The report considers topics including: (i) key highlights from 2018/2019; (ii) the U.K.'s withdrawal from the EU and the FCA's proposed approach to regulation in the wake of Brexit; (iii) the FCA's cross-sector and sector priorities; and (iv) perimeter issues. The report follows the publication of the FCA's first Annual Perimeter Report in June 2019, which provides a review of the FCA's regulatory perimeter.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Publishes Consultation on Regulation of Proxy Advisors under Revised Shareholder Rights Directive
    06/26/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a consultation on proposed changes to its Decision Making and Penalties Manual and Enforcement Guide to incorporate its new responsibility for regulation of proxy advisors. The proposals will be of interest to those falling within the Proxy Advisors (Shareholders' Rights) Regulations 2019 and anyone who uses the services of proxy advisors. Responses to the consultation should be submitted by July 26, 2019.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Publishes Dear CEO Letter on its Wealth Management and Stockbroking Supervision Strategy
    06/13/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a "Dear CEO" letter addressed to wealth management and stockbroking firms, identifying the key areas of focus for its two-year Wealth Management and Stockbroking supervision strategy. In the letter, the FCA identifies the four key types of harm for customers in this sector as: (i) reductions in savings and investments due to fraud, investment scams and inadequate client money or assets controls; (ii) loss of confidence in the industry due to mismanagement of conflicts of interest and market abuse; (iii) reductions in savings and investments due to substandard order handling procedures and execution processes; and (iv) inability to understand the costs of services provided by firms as a result of insufficient or inaccurate disclosure.

    Read more.
  • UK Prudential Regulator Consults on Resolution Assessments For Senior Managers Regime
    06/07/2019

    The U.K. Prudential Regulation Authority has opened a consultation on resolution assessments and reporting amendments under the Senior Managers and Certification Regime. The PRA is proposing to amend the prescribed responsibility for recovery plans and resolution packs that are a part of the SM&CR. Related changes are also being proposed to "Strengthening individual accountability in banking" (SS28/15) and "Senior Managers Regime form: Statement of Responsibilities". The changes to the prescribed responsibility will impact U.K. banks and building societies with £50 billion or more in retail deposits. The changes to the Statement of Responsibilities will affect all PRA-regulated firms. The consultation closes on August 7, 2019. The PRA intends to publish its final amendments in Q4 2019.

    View the consultation paper.
  • Financial Conduct Authority Publishes Progress Report on Conduct Questions for Wholesale Banks
    05/28/2019

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published its latest report on industry progress made against the "Five Conduct Questions" it poses to wholesale banks in a bid to improve their conduct and culture. The FCA will use its findings to assess the impact that embedding good conduct is having on the wholesale banking market and to consider the potential for more sustainable mindset change. The report also includes strategic considerations that firms may address to improve their approach to conduct challenges and an assessment of whistleblowing initiatives in the wholesale banking sector. In particular, the FCA found that whistleblowing channels require improvement, and that non-financial misconduct (such as bullying, sexual harassment and other forms of personal misbehavior) is a significant problem across firms. The FCA continues to welcome face-to-face meetings with wholesale financial services firms to discuss thinking on all aspects of the report.

    Read more.
  • EU Delegated Regulation on Conflicts of Interest Published Under Social Entrepreneurship Fund Regulation
    05/22/2019

    A Commission Delegated Regulation on conflicts of interest arising in relation to European social entrepreneurship funds has been published in the Official Journal of the European Union. The Delegated Regulation sets out the parameters for conflicts of interest policies, which must be introduced by "social entrepreneurship" funds within scope of the European Social Entrepreneurship Fund Regulation. The Delegated Regulation will enter into force on June 11, 2019 and will become directly applicable in all EU Member States on December 11, 2019.

    Read more.
  • EU Delegated Regulation on Conflicts of Interest Published Under European Venture Capital Regulation
    05/22/2019

    A Commission Delegated Regulation on conflicts of interest arising in relation to European venture capital funds has been published in the Official Journal of the European Union. The Delegated Regulation sets out the parameters for conflicts of interest policies, which must be introduced by venture capital funds within scope of the European Venture Capital Regulation. The Delegated Regulation will enter into force on June 11, 2019 and will become directly applicable in all EU Member States on December 11, 2019.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Warns Firms About Supervision of Appointed Representatives
    05/20/2019

    The FCA has published the findings of its review examining how firms in the investment management sector comply with their regulatory obligations in respect of appointed representatives used to carry out activities on their behalf. The FCA has also published a "Dear CEO" letter addressed to the Chief Executive Officers of all FCA-regulated principal firms in the sector, urging them to review their practices in relation to such representatives.

    Read more.
  • European Commission Seeks Advice from European Securities and Markets Authority on Review of the Market Abuse Regulation
    05/15/2019

    The European Commission has issued a formal request for advice to the European Securities and Markets Authority on the appropriateness of certain provisions under the Market Abuse Regulation. The Commission will use ESMA's feedback to inform a report it is mandated to submit to the European Parliament and Council by July 3, 2019. The Commission will also consider proposing further legislative amendments beyond the provisions it is mandated to review and has included these in its formal request for ESMA's advice. The Commission has requested ESMA to submit its contribution by December 31, 2019 to allow time for adoption of the report by the relevant institutions.

    Read more.
  • European Commission Investigates Anti-Competitive EU Loan Syndication
    05/05/2019

    A report examining competition within the European syndicated loan market has been published, following a call by the European Commission for an examination of the sector. The report was prepared at the request of the Commission by consultancy firm Europe Economics with input from boutique competition law firm Euclid Law.

    Read more.
  • Financial Conduct Authority Calls for Input on its Review of UK Financial Advice Market
    05/01/2019

    The Financial Conduct Authority is seeking input on its evaluation of the Retail Distribution Review and Financial Advice Market Review, two initiatives introduced in 2006 and 2015, respectively, which aimed to enhance the outcomes for retail consumers from financial advice and guidance given by institutions. The evaluation has been launched in line with a commitment by the FCA to conduct a review of the initiatives in 2019. Responses should be submitted by June 3, 2019.

    Read more.
  • UK Regulator Sets Out Strategy to Manage Risk of Harm from Wholesale Brokers
    04/18/2019

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a "Dear CEO" letter addressed to wholesale market broking firms highlighting its view of the key risks of harm that such brokerage firms pose for their clients and markets and the FCA's strategy for mitigating those risks. Firms are expected to consider the issues raised and take steps to mitigate risks where applicable.

    The key drivers of harm have been identified as commission-based compensation packages (the "eat what you kill" model), inadequate governance arrangements, potential conflict of interest or compliance issues arising from the variety of workflows performed by such brokerages and risks of market abuse and financial crime, all of which may be linked to cultural issues. In the FCA's view, certain brokers in wholesale markets have failed to keep pace with legislative and regulatory developments and lag behind other sectors in embedding a culture of good conduct.

    Read more.
  • UK Prudential Regulator Publishes Statements on Managing Climate Change Risks
    04/15/2019

    The U.K. Prudential Regulation Authority has published a Policy Statement and related Supervisory Statement on enhancing banks’ and insurers’ approaches to managing the financial risks from climate change. The statements are in response to the PRA’s consultation paper published in 2018 which sought feedback on the draft Supervisory Statement. The Statements are relevant to all U.K. insurance and reinsurance firms, banks, building societies and PRA-designated investment firms.

    Read more.
  • UK Financial Conduct Authority Publishes Its Final Approach to Authorization
    12/12/2018

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published its final document, entitled "FCA Mission: Approach to Authorisation," explaining the purpose of authorization and the FCA's approach to it. The paper sets out details of the FCA's approach to: (i) evaluating whether firms meet the requisite Threshold Conditions and assessing whether individuals are "fit and proper"; (ii) how the FCA uses authorization to promote competition; and (iii) revoking authorization.

    Read more.
  • UK Government Publishes Guidance on Proposals to Onshore EU Market Abuse Regulation for Brexit
    11/21/2018

    HM Treasury has published explanatory information on a draft statutory instrument, the Market Abuse (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2018. The statutory instrument is still under development and a draft will be published in due course. The draft Regulations will affect the Financial Conduct Authority and all natural and legal persons which issue or trade in financial instruments admitted to trading or traded on an U.K. or an EU trading venue, including legal firms, professional service firms and any legal person that obtains access to the inside information of an issuer.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Wants Improvements to Banks' Whistleblowing Arrangements
    11/14/2018

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published the outcome of its review of firms' whistleblowing arrangements. The FCA has reviewed how retail and wholesale banks have implemented its whistleblowing rules by looking at firms' policies and procedures, the role of the whistleblowers' champion, firms' whistleblowing annual reports and the relevant training arrangements.

    Both the FCA and the Prudential Regulation Authority published their whistleblowing rules in 2015 and the FCA extended certain of the requirements to U.K. branches of overseas banks in early 2017.

    The FCA has published its findings, including areas of good practices, areas for improvement and the FCA's expectations of firms' whistleblowing arrangements. The FCA urges firms to consider its findings and whether they need to take action to improve their whistleblowing arrangements.

    View the FCA's review webpage.
  • UK Prudential Regulator Fines Senior Managers For Failing to be Open and Cooperative
    11/07/2018

    The Prudential Regulation Authority has announced that it has imposed financial penalties on two senior managers for failing to be open and cooperative about an enforcement action into the U.K. subsidiary of a Japanese bank by the New York Department of Financial Services in 2014. The PRA's enforcement action follows the financial penalties that it imposed in 2017 on this entity and an affiliate for breaching Fundamental Rules 6 and 7 of the PRA Rulebook in that the firms had (i) failed to communicate relevant information about the settlement with the DFS; and (ii) failed to inform the PRA of the potential implications of the DFS matter for certain senior managers.

    The latest fines have been imposed on the former Chair and a former Non-Executive Director for failing to inform the PRA that a senior manager might be restricted from conducting U.S. banking activities as a result of the action by the DFS. The PRA only learnt about the issue after publication of the DFS consent order. This meant that the PRA could not assess the implications or supervise any contingency planning.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Evaluates Impact of UK Benchmark Reform Since 2015
    10/22/2018

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published an evaluation paper on the impact of bringing seven additional benchmarks within the U.K.'s regulatory and supervisory perimeter in April 2015, in response to the recommendations of the Fair and Effective Markets Review.  The necessary changes to the FCA's Handbook and guidance were effected by the Benchmarks (Amendment) Instrument 2015, a legal instrument made by the FCA. In the evaluation paper, the FCA clarifies that this benchmarks-related evaluation does not cover changes due to other policies that affect benchmarks, such as the EU Benchmarks Regulation or principles set by EU or international bodies.

    The evaluation has been conducted in line with the FCA's approach to ex-post evaluation of the impact of its work, which it outlined in a discussion paper in April 2018. The FCA has conducted the benchmarks-related evaluation to understand: (i) the impact of the Benchmarks (Amendment) Instrument 2015 on markets and firms' costs; and (ii) whether the FCA's regulatory intervention met its objective of increasing the robustness of benchmarks and restoring market confidence.

    Read more.
  • UK Financial Conduct Authority Consults on Guidance Under the Extended Senior Managers Regime
    10/11/2018

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a consultation paper on proposed guidance on the Statement of Responsibilities (SoR) and Responsibilities Maps required under the Senior Managers and Certification regimes. The extended SM&CR will apply to all firms authorized under the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 and regulated by the FCA, as well as EEA and third-country (non-EEA) branches. SM&CR will be extended to FCA solo-regulated firms from December 9, 2019.

    Read more.
  • Global Foreign Exchange Committee Update and Survey on Adoption of the FX Global Code
    10/04/2018

    The Global Foreign Exchange Committee has published an update on the ongoing work of its four priority working groups: (i) the cover and deal working group; (ii) the disclosures working group; (iii) the buy-side outreach working group; and (iv) the working group on embedding the FX Global Code. The GFXC was established in 2017 as a forum for participants in the wholesale foreign exchange markets and its terms of reference include addressing misconduct in FX markets by facilitating adoption of the global principles of good practice enshrined in the FX Global Code.

    The update refers to the recent launch (on September 28, 2018) of a survey by the working group on embedding the FX Global Code. Completed surveys are requested by October 19, 2018. The aims of the survey are to measure awareness and adoption of the FX Global Code among market participants and to inform the GFXC's further work on embedding and integrating the code into the global FX markets. The survey results will be considered at the GFXC's next meeting, which will be held in November.

    View the survey.

    View the press release.
  • New International Guidance Addresses Conflicts of Interest and Conduct Risks in Equity Capital Raisings
    09/18/2018

    The International Organization of Securities Commissions has published a final report setting out Guidance to its members to address the significant potential conflicts of interest arising from the role of intermediaries during key stages of an equity raising. IOSCO consulted on a draft version of the guidance between February and April 2018.

    IOSCO has identified a number of key risks. In the early, pre-offering, phase of an equity raising, conflicts of interest can arise if analysts employed by firms managing the securities offering are at risk of being under pressure to present a positive view of the issuer. During the investor education and price-formation phase, there is a risk that these "connected" analysts may produce conflicted research and conflicts can also be present during the allocation of securities. IOSCO considers that there can be both conflicts of interest and risks of misconduct where staff employed within firms that are managing an equity raising enter into personal transactions related to the capital raising. These issues can damage investor confidence and the effectiveness of the capital markets as route for issuers to raise finance.

    Read more.
  • Bank of England Launches Public Register for the UK Money Markets Code
    09/17/2018

    The Bank of England has announced that its Money Markets Committee has launched a public register to display the statements of commitment from market participants that have agreed to abide by the UK Money Markets Code and would like their statements to be included on the register. The public register is accessible via a dedicated BoE webpage.

    The Code is a voluntary industry code launched in April 2017, written by market participants. It sets out best practice expected from participants in the deposit, repo and securities lending markets and incorporates revised relevant sections of the Non-Investment Products Code, and also a revision and update of the Gilt Repo Code and Securities Borrowing and Lending Code.

    View the public register

    View the Money Markets Code
  • UK Conduct Regulator Bans Former Trader for Euribor Manipulation
    09/14/2018

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has issued a Final Notice to a former employee of a major EU bank, prohibiting him from performing any function in relation to any regulated financial activity. The individual had been employed to trade interest rate derivative products referenced to benchmarks including the Euro Interbank Offered Rate.

    The FCA had previously issued a Decision Notice to the former trader in April 2017 imposing a prohibition and a fine of £6.5 million, following a finding that, between March 2005 and June 2009, the former trader had been knowingly concerned in a contravention by his employer of Principle 5 of the FCA's Principles for Businesses, which requires firms to observe proper standards of market conduct.

    Read more.
  • US Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Announces Modifications to its Statement of Policy Regarding Section 19 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act
    08/20/2018

    The U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation issued modification to its Statement of Policy with respect to Section 19 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, which (among other things) prohibits persons with convictions for certain criminal offenses, or those who have entered into pretrial diversion or similar programs with respect to the same, from participating in the affairs of a FDIC-insured financial institution without prior approval of the FDIC.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Confirms Policy on Recognizing Industry Codes of Conduct in Unregulated Markets
    07/20/2018

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a Policy Statement outlining its final policy and rule amendments on its approach to recognizing industry codes of conduct in unregulated markets, including the process and criteria for doing so. In the FCA's view, industry codes of conduct can be useful in helping firms to communicate what is expected of individuals to meet their conduct obligations under the Senior Managers and Certification Regimes. The SM&CR, which currently only applies to banks, credit unions, building societies and large investment firms (including EEA branches), will be extended to insurers from December 2018 and to all other FCA-regulated firms from December 2019.

    The FCA consulted in November 2017 on proposals to formally recognize industry codes of conduct in markets that are outside the regulatory perimeter and to publish a list of recognized industry codes on its website. The consultation set out the criteria to be met for recognition of industry codes and proposed that recognition would apply for a renewable period of three years.

    Read more.
  • FICC Markets Standards Board Consults on Statement of Good Practice on Algorithmic Trading
    07/11/2018

    The FICC Markets Standards Board has launched a consultation on a transparency draft of a Statement of Good Practice on algorithmic trading in the wholesale fixed income, commodity and currency markets. The draft SGP forms part of the FMSB's work to build up a body of Standards and Statements of Good Practice to improve conduct and raise standards in the wholesale FICC markets. The FMSB Standards and SGPs do not impose legal or regulatory obligations on FMSB members, nor do they take the place of regulation. Instead, an SGP is intended to be considered to the extent it is possible to follow it in compliance with applicable laws.

    For the purposes of the consultation paper, "algorithmic trading" is defined as trading in instruments where a computer algorithm, with limited or no human intervention, automatically determines individual parameters of orders, such as whether to initiate the order, the timing, price or quantity of the order or how to manage the order after its submission.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Chair Supports New Standards for Data Ethics
    07/11/2018

    Charles Randell, Chair of the Financial Conduct Authority and Payment Systems Regulator,delivered a speech on big data, regulation and data protection entitled, "How can we ensure that big data does not make us prisoners of technology?"

    Discussing the risks associated with big data and artificial intelligence, Mr. Randell highlighted that in order to innovate ethically, thought needs to be given to the questions posed by big data, AI and behavioural science. In particular, the FCA Chair is concerned that technical innovation could increase social exclusion and reduce access to financial services if it was used, for example, to identify the most profitable or most risky customers.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Issues Near-Final Rules on Extension of Individual Accountability Regime to All Financial Services Firms
    07/04/2018

    The U.K. Financial Authority has published Policy Statements confirming the rule changes it will apply to extend the application of the Senior Managers & Certification Regimes to all FCA solo-regulated firms (that is, firms for which the FCA is both conduct and prudential regulator). At this stage, the rules are near-final as they are subject to commencement regulations that will be made by HM Treasury and they may also be amended by subsequent changes related to, for example, Brexit or SM&CR optimizations. The FCA also plans to consult separately on rules for benchmark-related activities.

    The extended SM&CR will apply to all firms authorized under the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 and regulated by the FCA, as well as EEA and third country (non-EEA) branches. SM&CR will be extended to FCA solo-regulated firms from December 9, 2019.

    While insurance intermediaries, which are solo-regulated by the FCA, will fall within the FCA's new rules, the FCA and the Prudential Regulation Authority have separately published policy statements on the extension of the SM&CR to insurers.

    Read more.
  • UK Regulators Finalize Rule Changes For Extending Individual Accountability Regime to Insurers
    07/04/2018

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority and Prudential Regulation Authority have published Policy Statements confirming the near-final and final rule changes they will apply to extend the application of the Senior Managers & Certification Regimes to insurers. The Policy Statements do not make an changes to the prudential rules implementing Solvency II or to the wider U.K. regulatory framework for insurers.

    The extended SM&CR will apply from December 10, 2018, subject to commencement regulations being made by HM Treasury. The SM&CR will apply to all insurers and reinsurers regulated by the FCA and the PRA. The Policy Statements will be of specific interest to Solvency II firms (that is, all firms within the scope of the U.K. rules implementing the Solvency II Directive), insurance special purpose vehicles (undertakings with permission to carry on the regulated activity of insurance risk transformation), insurers outside the scope of the Solvency II Directive (so-called Non-Directive Firms) and small run-off firms (all insurers with less than £25 million technical provisions that no longer have permission to write or acquire new business).

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  • New UK Standard on Risk Management Transactions for New Issuances for the Fixed Income Markets
    07/03/2018

    The U.K. Fixed Income, Currency and Commodities Markets Standards Board has published a new Standard on Risk Management Transactions for New Issuances for the Fixed Income markets.

    The FMSB has created several Standards to improve conduct in the FICC markets since its establishment in 2015 in response to the Fair and Effective Markets Review conducted by HM Treasury, the Bank of England and the Financial Conduct Authority. FMSB members commit to applying the FMSB Standards but the Standards do not impose legal or regulatory obligations.

    The new Standard describes expected behaviors to improve the practice and awareness regarding risk management activities conducted in and around the new issuance of bonds and includes 12 Core Principles. Following its consultation at the end of 2017 on the proposed Standard on Risk Management Transactions for New Issuances, the FMSB has made some minor changes, including providing more detail on the nature of the conduct risks and amending the Principle on dissemination of information (Core Principle 9).

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  • UK Regulator Provides Update on its Retail Banking Business Model Review
    06/27/2018

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a Progress Report on its Strategic Review of Retail Banking Business Models. The FCA launched the Review in April 2017 and published a purpose and scope document in October 2017. The FCA is conducting the Review to gain a picture of how profits are generated by the sector, of the relative competitive advantages and disadvantages of different business models and of barriers to entry and expansion. The Review covers retail banking services to personal and small business customers. It focuses on the products and services that are used on a regular basis by large numbers of consumers and small businesses. This includes current accounts, savings products, mortgages, personal loans, credit cards, and business finance.

    The FCA explains that its early analysis indicates that a key component of the competitive advantage enjoyed by retail banks to date has been the combination of personal current accounts and large branch networks. This combination has brought a number of benefits including a funding cost advantage (from personal current accounts paying zero interest or lower interest than other providers), significant additional income from fees and charges on personal current accounts (including overdrafts), the opportunity to cross-sell lending products to personal current account holders and the ability to cross-sell business accounts and associated business savings balances.

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