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Financial Regulatory Developments Focus
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The following posts provide a snapshot of the principal U.S., European and global financial regulatory developments of interest to banks, investment firms, broker-dealers, market infrastructures, asset managers and corporates.

  • UK Conduct Authority to Review Suitability of Retirement Income Financial Advice
    01/21/2020

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has announced the focus of its second review assessing suitability - advice received by consumers on retirement income. The FCA intends to publish a report on the outcome of the review in 2020. Alongside the announcement, the FCA has published a letter addressed to the CEOs of financial advice firms describing its approach to tackling key areas of concern with financial advice firms and setting out the action it expects these firms to undertake. The letter covers assessing suitability of advice, defined benefit pension transfer advice, pensions and investment scams, adequate financial resources and professional indemnity insurance, the FCA's recently imposed ban on the promotion of speculative mini-bonds to retail consumers, the Senior Managers and Certification Regime and preparing for the end of the Brexit implementation period.

    View the FCA's statement.

    View the Dear CEO letter.
  • EU Political Agreement on Proposed Regulation on Cross-Border Crowdfunding Service Providers
    12/19/2019

    The EU legislative bodies have announced that political agreement has been reached on the proposed Regulation on European Crowdfunding Service Providers for Business. The proposed ECSP Regulation is part of the EU Capital Markets Union initiative and the Commission's FinTech Action Plan. It aims to increase access to finance through crowdfunding for innovative companies, start-ups and SMEs. The European Commission published the original legislative proposal on March 8, 2018. Since then, the text of the proposed ECSP Regulation has been amended.

    Read more.
  • European Banking Authority Publishes Guidelines on Technology and Security Risk Management
    11/28/2019

    The European Banking Authority has published its final guidelines on the management of information and communication technology and security risks by financial institutions in the EU. The Guidelines set out how financial institutions should comply with relevant provisions on the governance and risk management of ICT and security risks under the Fourth Capital Requirements Directive and the Second Payment Services Directive. 

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Announces 2020 Mini-Bond Product Intervention Measures
    11/26/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has announced that it will introduce temporary product intervention measures for 12 months from January 1, 2020 to December 31, 2020 to combat risks to consumers of the promotion of speculative mini-bonds. The measures follow the high profile failure of mini-bond issuer London Capital & Finance plc, which has prompted an investigation by the FCA into the circumstances surrounding LC&F's collapse and the FCA's supervision of the firm. HM Treasury is also conducting an ongoing investigation into the wider policy questions raised by LC&F's failure, focusing on a review of the regulatory regime governing non-transferable debt securities and an assessment of Innovative Finance ISA rules.

    Read more.
  • Eurozone Single Resolution Board Publishes Opinions on Internal Rules for its use of Personal Data
    11/22/2019

    The Eurozone Single Resolution Board has published a series of three opinions setting out its own internal rules for the circumstances in which it may restrict the rights of data subjects under Regulation (EU) 2018/1725, data protection legislation that is commonly understood as the public sector equivalent of the General Data Protection Regulation. The Regulation governs the use of personal data by EU institutions and agencies. 

    Read more.
  • European Commission Publishes Report on Liability for Artificial Intelligence
    11/21/2019

    The New Technologies formation of the European Commission’s Expert Group on Liability and New Technologies has published a report on liability regimes for artificial intelligence. The report discusses existing laws concerning liability for emerging digital technologies and describes how those laws could be improved to cater for the new risks and challenges associated with new technologies. The New Technologies formation is a panel that was established by the European Commission in March 2018 and was asked to examine existing EU liability regimes and make recommendations for amendments to take account of emerging digital technologies where necessary.

    Read more.
  • UK Information Commissioner’s Office Consults on Application of Powers under Proceeds of Crime Act
    11/08/2019

    The U.K. Information Commissioner’s Office, the U.K.’s independent body for the upholding of information rights in the public interest, has issued a consultation paper on proposals that it be granted investigative and other powers under the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002. The proposals are in response to the increasing number of cases in which financial gains are made by criminals involved in the theft of personal data.

    Read more.
  • European Banking Authority Publishes Opinion on Strengthening Depositor Protection in the EU
    10/30/2019

    The European Banking Authority has published the second in a series of three opinions on the implementation of the Deposit Guarantee Scheme Directive in the EU. This opinion relates to DGS payouts. The first opinion related to the eligibility of deposits, coverage level and cooperation between deposit guarantee schemes and was published in August 2019. The third opinion will cover DGS funding and the uses of DGS funds. The opinions have been prepared to assist the European Commission in its obligation to report on the implementation of the DGSD.

    Read more.
  • European Banking Authority Urges EU Legislative Update for Cross-Border Banking and Payment Services in the Digital Era
    10/29/2019

    The European Banking Authority has published a report identifying potential barriers to customer choice and the cross-border provision of banking and payment services in the EU, together with proposals for how to overcome these issues. Building on the EBA's FinTech Roadmap and the European Commissioner's Consumer Financial Services Action Plan, the report sets out the areas where the institutions, including FinTech firms, may face challenges when seeking to provide intra-EU cross-border services, focusing on authorizations and licensing, consumer protection and conduct of business requirements and anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism. The EBA makes recommendations for where changes to EU primary legislation or further guidelines could address the issues to enhance the EU's single market.

    Read more.
  • European Supervisory Authorities Issue Guidance on Scope of Application to Bonds of the PRIIPs Regulation
    10/24/2019

    The Joint Committee of the European Supervisory Authorities has published a Supervisory Statement on the scope of application to bonds of the EU Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Products Regulation. The ESAs have issued the Supervisory Statement in an attempt to avoid the adoption of diverse approaches by national regulators across the EU as to when a Key Information Document is required for different types of bonds under the PRIIPs Regulation. The PRIIPs Regulation, directly applicable across the EU since January 1, 2018, imposes a requirement upon issuers of packaged retail and insurance-based investment products to issue KIDs to retail investors describing key features of their products, in order to enhance transparency and improve investor protection in the PRIIPs market.

    Read more.
  • Financial Stability Board Publishes Letter to G20 Ministers on Effect of Reforms and Future Work
    10/13/2019

    The Financial Stability Board has published a letter to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors describing the progress of post-financial crisis reforms and key focus areas for the future. Over the past ten years, the FSB has proposed a number of reforms to the global financial system, working with international organizations on implementation to improve financial stability.

    Read more.
  • UK Government Responds to Committee Report on Conduct Authority's Perimeter of Regulation
    10/10/2019

    The U.K. government has published a response to the Treasury Committee's report on the Financial Conduct Authority's perimeter of regulation. The Committee's Report is part of its ongoing inquiry, The Work of the Financial Conduct Authority, which is considering: (i) the timeliness in which the FCA is able to take action; (ii) the transparency of the FCA's work and decisions; and (iii) the scope of the FCA's regulatory perimeter.

    Read more.
  • International Organization of Securities Commissions Review of Suitability Requirements for Complex Products
    09/26/2019

    The International Organization of Securities Commissions has published a report, "Thematic Review on Suitability Requirements with respect to the Distribution of Complex Financial Products". The report summarizes the outcome of the review IOSCO undertook of a sample of member jurisdictions' implementation of the IOSCO 2013 Suitability Requirements for the Distribution of Complex Financial Products, which aims to prevent mis-selling of complex products. The Suitability requirements comprise nine principles relating to classification of customers, general duties regardless of customer classification, disclosure requirements, customers protections, incentives and enforcement.

    Read more.
  • European Banking Authority Recommends Changes to EU Deposit Guarantee Scheme Directive
    08/08/2019

    The European Banking Authority has published an Opinion on the eligibility of deposits, coverage level and cooperation between deposit guarantee schemes. The EU Deposit Guarantee Scheme Directive requires the European Commission to report on the implementation of the Directive. The EBA's Opinion is the first of three opinions that it will issue to support the Commission in preparing the report. The other two opinions are expected before the end of 2019, one covering deposit guarantee scheme pay outs and the other DGS funding and uses of DGS funds.

    Read more.
  • UK Committee Recommends Enhancing the Financial Conduct Authority's Powers and Remit
    08/02/2019

    The U.K. Treasury Committee has published a report on the Financial Conduct Authority's perimeter of regulation. The Report is part of the Committee's ongoing inquiry, The Work of the Financial Conduct Authority, which is considering: (i) the timeliness in which the FCA is able to take action; (ii) the transparency of the FCA's work and decisions; and (iii) the scope of the FCA's regulatory perimeter. This Report considers the last of these issues and makes several recommendations to the Treasury on the remit and powers of the FCA to enhance understanding of consumers of the regulatory perimeter, reduce harm to consumers and mitigate against regulatory arbitrage.

    Read more.
  • EU Restrictions on Contracts for Difference Lifted in Wake of National Measures
    07/31/2019

    The European Securities and Markets Authority has announced that it will not again renew its product intervention measure for Contracts for Differences. ESMA's product intervention powers under the Markets in Financial Instruments Regulation allow it to impose temporary prohibitions or restrictions on certain financial instruments, financial activities or practices to address a significant investor protection concern in the EU. ESMA's first restrictions on the marketing, distribution and sale of CfDs to retail clients applied from August 1, 2018 and was then extended every three months because ESMA did not consider that the consumer protection risk had been addressed. ESMA's view is that because most national regulators in EU member states have now adopted permanent measures, its own temporary restrictions do not need to be extended. The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has imposed permanent restrictions on the sale, marketing and distribution of CfDs and CfD-like options to retail consumers. The rules will apply to all CfDs entered into from August 1, 2019, and to CfD-like options entered into from September 1, 2019.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Consults on Firms' Treatment of Vulnerable Consumers
    07/23/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has launched a consultation on its proposed guidance on how financial services firms should treat "vulnerable" consumers. The consultation will be divided into two stages: the first stage focuses on: (i) whether the draft guidance covers the right issues and provides sufficient clarity to firms on what they should do to improve outcomes for vulnerable consumers; (ii) the potential impact of the guidance on firms' costs and the potential benefit to consumers of the implementation of the guidance; and (iii) whether the guidance is sufficient to ensure firms take appropriate action to treat vulnerable consumers fairly or whether additional policy interventions are required. The second stage will seek input on a revised draft of the guidance, which will take account of feedback received during the first stage, together with a cost-benefit analysis. Responses to the first stage of the consultation should be provided by October 4, 2019.

    Read more.
  • European Securities and Markets Authority Launches Consultation on Disclosure Guidelines Under EU Prospectus Regulation
    07/12/2019

    The European Securities and Markets Authority has launched a consultation on its proposed guidelines on compliance with disclosure requirements under the new EU Prospectus Regulation. The Consultation Paper may be of particular interest to investors, issuers, offerors or persons asking for admission to trading on a regulated market and any market participant who is affected by the new Prospectus Regulation. Responses to the consultation should be submitted by October 4, 2019. ESMA intends to publish a final summary of all consultation responses and a final version of the guidelines in Q2 2020.

    Read more.
  • Firms Criticized for Non-Compliance with the EU Contracts For Difference Product Intervention Measures
    07/11/2019

    The European Securities and Markets Authority has published a Statement cautioning contracts for difference providers to comply with its temporary product intervention measure restricting the marketing, distribution or sale of CfDs to retail clients. The measure is due to expire at the end of the day on July 31, 2019, unless ESMA again renews it.

    In its Statement, ESMA states that it has noticed and is concerned that certain firms are not complying with the temporary CfD restriction or any similar permanent national measure. ESMA reminds firms that the temporary CfD restriction does not apply to eligible counterparties or professional clients, including to retail clients who opt to being treated as professional clients, as defined in the revised Markets in Financial Instruments Directive. However, firms must comply with the MiFID II requirements when dealing with a retail client that requests to opt up to being treated as a professional client, including by alerting clients to the loss of protection afforded by the temporary CfD restriction. ESMA also reminds firms that they should not incentivize a retail client to become a professional client by using language that promotes the status or benefits of professional clients.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Publishes Final Prospectus Regulation Rules
    07/11/2019

    The Prospectus Regulation Rules Instrument 2019 has been published, setting out the new FCA Prospectus Regulation Rules sourcebook. The Instrument also makes amendments to certain other sections of the FCA Handbook as well as to the FCA's Enforcement Guide and Perimeter Guidance manual. The new rules aim to align the U.K. rules with the EU Prospectus Regulation and will take effect from July 21, 2019.

    Any prospectus approved by the FCA before July 21, 2019 will be governed by national law under the old Prospectus Directive regime until either: (i) the end of the prospectus' validity; or (ii) July 21, 2020. Prospectuses submitted for approval on or after July 21, 2019 must be in line with the EU Prospectus Regulation and the FCA's new Prospectus Regulation Rules sourcebook.

    View the Prospectus Regulation Rules Instrument 2019.

    View details of the FCA Policy Statement on the Prospectus Regulation Rules sourcebook.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Publishes Arrangements for Sharing Personal Data with Non-EEA Authorities
    07/02/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published its signed Administrative Arrangement agreement dictating the circumstances in which it, as an EEA authority, may share the personal data that it holds with non-EEA authorities. The agreement is a standard form of agreement which will be signed by relevant EEA and non-EEA authorities and is designed to safeguard personal data transfers between authorities in light of new requirements imposed by the General Data Protection Regulation. The agreement includes, among other things, provisions restricting the circumstances in which relevant authorities may transfer data (including that it may only be transferred for the purpose of assisting the authority to fulfil its regulatory mandate and that it will only transfer data that are adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary for the purposes for which they are transferred) and the processes the authority will establish to review their own policies and procedures on transfers of personal data.
     
    View the FCA's signed Administrative Agreement.
  • EU to Lift Temporary Ban on the Sale of Binary Options to Retail Clients in Wake of National Measures
    07/01/2019

    The European Securities and Markets Authority has ended its temporary prohibition on the marketing, distribution or sale of binary options to retail clients. ESMA's product intervention powers under the Markets in Financial Instruments Regulation allow it to impose temporary prohibitions or restrictions on certain financial instruments, financial activities or practices to address a significant investor protection concern in the EU.

    Read more.
  • UK Regulator Publishes Rules Restricting Sale of Contracts for Difference and Related Options
    07/01/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published the Conduct of Business (Contracts for Difference) Instrument 2019, implementing product intervention measures designed to restrict the sale, marketing and distribution of contracts for difference and contract for difference-like options to retail consumers. The rules will affect: (i) retail clients who invest, or may invest, in CFDs and CFD-like options; (ii) investment firms caught by the provisions of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (including those caught by the Capital Requirements Directive, where appropriate) that are involved in marketing, distributing or selling CFDs and CFD-like options in, or from, the U.K. to retail clients; and (iii) U.K. branches of third-country investment firms that are involved in marketing, distributing or selling CFDs or CFD-like options to retail clients.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Publishes Consultation on Regulation of Proxy Advisors under Revised Shareholder Rights Directive
    06/26/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a consultation on proposed changes to its Decision Making and Penalties Manual and Enforcement Guide to incorporate its new responsibility for regulation of proxy advisors. The proposals will be of interest to those falling within the Proxy Advisors (Shareholders' Rights) Regulations 2019 and anyone who uses the services of proxy advisors. Responses to the consultation should be submitted by July 26, 2019.

    Read more.
  • Bank of England Publishes Report on the Future of the UK Financial System and the Bank's Priorities for the Future
    06/20/2019

    Huw van Steenis, the Bank of England financier appointed by the BoE in 2018 to review the future of the U.K. financial system, has published his "Future of Finance" report, setting out a vision for the medium-term future of the U.K. financial system and the BoE's role in supporting that. The report was based on consultations with entrepreneurs, financiers, tech firms, global investors, consumer groups, charities, policymakers and business leaders across the U.K. and overseas. In response, the BoE has published a document which sets out the actions it intends to take to deal with the challenges and opportunities identified in the report.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Publishes Dear CEO Letter on its Wealth Management and Stockbroking Supervision Strategy
    06/13/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a "Dear CEO" letter addressed to wealth management and stockbroking firms, identifying the key areas of focus for its two-year Wealth Management and Stockbroking supervision strategy. In the letter, the FCA identifies the four key types of harm for customers in this sector as: (i) reductions in savings and investments due to fraud, investment scams and inadequate client money or assets controls; (ii) loss of confidence in the industry due to mismanagement of conflicts of interest and market abuse; (iii) reductions in savings and investments due to substandard order handling procedures and execution processes; and (iv) inability to understand the costs of services provided by firms as a result of insufficient or inaccurate disclosure.

    Read more.
  • UK Competition and Markets Authority Targets Anti-Competitive Practices in Investment Consultancy and Fiduciary Management Services
    06/10/2019

    The U.K. Competition and Markets Authority has issued the Investment Consultancy and Fiduciary Management Market Investigation Order 2019. This is U.K. secondary legislation intended to combat anti-competitive practices in the supply and acquisition of investment consultancy and fiduciary management services to and by the pension schemes they advise. The Order was made on June 10, 2019 and enters into force on December 10, 2019. It follows the CMA's consultation on a draft version of the Order that was published for review by interested parties on February 12, 2019. In the final Order, the CMA has endeavoured to resolve a number of the issues raised in response to the consultation. These include amending the Competitive Tender Process as originally drafted by imposing a less stringent "reasonable endeavours" obligation on trustees who are required to obtain bids from three or more unrelated Fiduciary Management Providers, and excluding in-house investment advice or fiduciary management functions from the scope of the Order.

    Read more.
  • UK Regulator Publishes Policy Statement on Peer-To-Peer and Investment-Based Crowdfunding Platforms
    06/04/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a Policy Statement containing its final changes to the rules and guidance governing loan-based crowdfunding platforms (or "peer-to-peer" platforms). The Policy Statement follows the FCA's July 2018 consultation paper on proposed changes to the regulation of the crowdfunding sector. Peer-to-peer platforms will need to comply with the majority of the changes by December 9, 2019, with the exception of the FCA's Mortgage and Home Finance Conduct of Business rules, which will apply to platforms that offer home finance products from June 4, 2019. The Policy Statement also reflects on the rules applicable to investment-based crowdfunding platforms (i.e. platforms that allow investors to invest in businesses directly, for instance through the purchase of shares or debt securities), in particular surrounding financial promotions for non-readily realized securities and non-mainstream pooled investments. The FCA continues to review responses to its July 2018 consultation paper in relation to these platforms and may issue additional rules and guidance in due course.

    Read more.
  • UK Financial Conduct Authority Publishes Near Final Changes to Handbook Implementing the EU Prospectus Regulation
    05/31/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a Policy Statement containing its near final rules implementing the EU Prospectus Regulation, which will be set out in the FCA's new Prospectus Regulation Rules sourcebook. The FCA's new rules are aimed at aligning the U.K. rules with the EU Prospectus Regulation. The changes remain subject to finalization of certain related changes under the Financials Services and Markets Act 2000 and relevant EU legislation. Issuers seeking approval of a draft prospectus on or after July 21, 2019 must ensure their draft is in line with the EU Prospectus Regulation and PRR sourcebook. In the event the U.K. leaves the EU before that date, the proposals will not come into effect, and the U.K. would use the Financial Services (Implementation of Legislation) Bill to permit alignment of U.K. rules with those of the EU. The FCA would, in that situation, expect to issue a further Consultation Paper setting out proposals for replicating the EU Prospectus Regulation in the U.K. domestic regime. The FCA has so far declined to comment on the detail of any such proposals.

    Read more.
  • European Commission Responds to Uncertainty Regarding Scope of PRIIPs Regulation
    05/14/2019

    The European Commission has issued a response to concerns raised by the European Supervisory Authorities about the market impact of uncertainty around the scope of the Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Products Regulation. In a letter to the Director General of the European Commission dated July 19, 2018, the heads of the ESAs raised the difficulties that manufacturers of financial products face in determining whether their products fall within the requirements of the PRIIPs Regulation. The letter describes the broader market impact that this uncertainty has caused, which includes a reduction in the availability of corporate bonds to retail investors, a reduction in the number and volume of low denomination issuances by non-financial corporates and greater difficulties for retail investors wishing to trade their bonds. In its response, issued on May 14, 2019, the European Commission refused to pass judgement on whether certain categories of products should be deemed to fall within or outside the scope of the PRIIPs Regulation and stressed that the determination of whether an instrument is a packaged retail investment product should be undertaken on a case-by-case basis.

    Read more.
  • Consultation and Draft Direction on Confirmation of Payee System Issued by UK's Payment Systems Regulator
    05/09/2019

    The Payment Systems Regulator, the regulatory body responsible for monitoring the payment systems industry in the U.K., has published a second consultation paper requesting feedback on its proposals for a mandatory "Confirmation of Payee" service, together with a draft direction setting out deadlines by which the six largest payment services providers should provide such services. The Confirmation of Payee service is being developed to assist in the PSR's fight against "Authorised Push Payment" scams - involving theft of money via fraudulent payment requests made to individuals and businesses - and accidental misdirected payments, which together cause millions of pounds in losses to individuals and businesses annually. Certain payment service providers have committed to introducing a Confirmation of Payee process. However, the PSR considers that progress on doing so has been too slow. The consultation closes on June 05, 2019.

    Read more.
  • Financial Conduct Authority Calls for Input on its Review of UK Financial Advice Market
    05/01/2019

    The Financial Conduct Authority is seeking input on its evaluation of the Retail Distribution Review and Financial Advice Market Review, two initiatives introduced in 2006 and 2015, respectively, which aimed to enhance the outcomes for retail consumers from financial advice and guidance given by institutions. The evaluation has been launched in line with a commitment by the FCA to conduct a review of the initiatives in 2019. Responses should be submitted by June 3, 2019.

    Read more.
  • Further Extension of the EU Contracts for Difference Product Intervention Measures
    04/30/2019

    The European Securities and Markets Authority has issued a Decision renewing and amending the temporary restriction on the marketing, distribution or sale of contracts for difference to retail clients. This has now been published in the Official Journal of the European Union. ESMA announced on March 27, 2019, that the existing restriction would be extended on the same terms as the previously implemented temporary restrictions. The CfD Decision applies directly across the EU from May 1, 2019, for a period of three months.

    View the decision.
  • UK Regulator Delays Final Product Intervention Measures on Contracts for Difference
    04/26/2019

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a statement on the delay to publication of final rules for contracts for difference products and CfD-like options. The FCA has consulted on its proposals to make European Securities and Markets Authority's temporary product intervention measures permanent in the U.K. The FCA's proposed interventions are the same in substance as ESMA's, although it is also proposing to apply its rules to closely substitutable products and on extending these measures to exchange-traded derivatives. The consultation closed on February 7, 2019.

    Read more.
  • UK Regulator Publishes Final Mission Approach Documents for Supervision and Enforcement
    04/24/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published its finalized Approach to Supervision and Approach to Enforcement, following feedback to its consultation between March 21 and June 21, 2018 on drafts of the two approach documents. The documents should be read alongside the FCA's Mission document which was first published in October 2016 and most recently updated in November 2017. The documents form part of a series of formal approach documents explaining the FCA's approach to regulation in more depth.

    Read more.
  • EU FOREX Broker Faces Proceedings in Czech Courts Brought by "Consumer" Client Following EU Opinion
    04/24/2019

    Individuals who act outside their trade or profession when instructing brokers to execute FOREX contracts on their behalf must be regarded as "consumers" for the purposes of the Recast Brussels Regulation, according to a recent opinion issued by the Advocate General of the Court of Justice of the European Union. This applies regardless of the expertise of the individual or their active involvement in placing orders. Under the Recast Brussels Regulation (which governs jurisdiction between EU member states), "consumers" are entitled to bring proceedings before the court of the Member State in which they are domiciled, as opposed to being obliged to rely on the courts of the respondent counterparty's Member State.

    In this case, the claimant, a student domiciled in the Czech Republic, had entered into an agreement for the execution of contracts for difference in the FOREX market via Cypriot brokerage company FIBO Group Holdings Ltd. The agreement was expressly subject to the jurisdiction of the Cypriot courts. The claimant brought a claim in the Czech court, alleging that FIBO had been unjustly enriched when the claimant's instructions to close out a position in U.S. dollars were not acted on promptly. The time delay meant exchange rates had changed before the trade was executed, significantly reducing her profit.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Further Examining Duty of Care Owed by Firms to Consumers
    04/23/2019

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a Feedback Statement to its July 2018 discussion paper, "A duty of care and potential alternative approaches". In the discussion paper, the FCA raised the possibility of introducing a new duty of care for all financial services firms.

    Read more.
  • UK Financial Conduct Authority Implements Permanent Ban of Sale of Binary Options to Retail Consumers
    03/29/2019

    Following its recent consultation, the U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a Policy Statement, final rules and a Statement on the new product intervention measure it is introducing for retail binary options. Both contracts for difference and binary options are considered to have given rise to significant investor protection concerns, due to their complexity, the lack of transparent information at the point of sale, the risk of significant loss for investors and the deployment of aggressive marketing techniques by certain providers and distributors of the products. The FCA's product intervention powers under the Markets in Financial Instrument Regulation and, where the FCA has gone beyond those powers, the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 allow it to impose prohibitions or restrictions on certain financial instruments, financial activities or practices to address a significant investor protection concern. The FCA also consulted on product intervention rules for CfDs and those final rules are expected to be published in April this year.

    Read more.
  • EU Contracts for Difference Product Intervention Measures to be Extended
    03/27/2019

    The European Securities and Markets Authority has announced that its restrictions on the sale, distribution and marketing of contracts for difference to retail investors will be extended from May 1, 2019, for a further three months. The extension will be on the same terms as the existing product intervention measure.

    View ESMA's announcement.

    View details of the existing decision.
  • EU Product Intervention Measures for Binary Options Extended
    03/27/2019

    The European Securities and Markets Authority has issued a Decision renewing the temporary prohibition on the marketing, distribution or sale of binary options to retail clients for a further three months from April 2, 2019. This has now been published in the Official Journal of the European Union. ESMA announced in February this year that the existing restriction would be extended. The binary options Decision applies directly across the EU from April 2, 2019, for a period of three months.

    View the decision.

    View ESMA's notification.
  • UK Regulator Wants Stronger Wind-Down Plans for Loan-Based Crowdfunding Platforms
    03/07/2019

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a "Dear CEO" letter addressed to loan-based peer-to-peer crowdfunding platforms requesting the platforms to review their wind-down arrangements. The FCA implemented rules regulating FCA-authorized firms operating investment-based and loan-based crowdfunding platforms on April 1, 2014. Investment-based crowdfunding is governed by the Markets in Financial Instruments package and the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive, as transposed into U.K. law. The regime for P2P lending is a national one and is less detailed and prescriptive.

    Read more.
  • UK Financial Conduct Authority on Onshoring the EU Temporary Product Intervention Measures
    02/22/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a statement on onshoring of the European Securities and Markets Authority's temporary product intervention measures on retail contracts for difference and binary options products.

    In June 2018, ESMA issued decision notices prohibiting the marketing, distribution or sale of binary options to retail clients and restricting the marketing, distribution or sale of CFDs to retail clients. These decisions have been renewed by ESMA and are currently due to expire on April 1, 2019 for binary options and April 30, 2019 for CFDs. Under the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, the decisions will become part of U.K. domestic law on March 29, 2019, if the U.K. leaves the EU on that date without a ratified Withdrawal Agreement.

    Read more.
  • EU Product Intervention Measures for Binary Options to be Further Extended
    02/18/2019

    The European Securities and Markets Authority has announced that its prohibition on the marketing, distribution or sale of binary options to retail clients will be extended for a further three months from April 2, 2019. ESMA's ban has been in effect since July 2, 2018.

    View ESMA's announcement.

    View details of the existing product intervention measure for binary options.
  • European Supervisory Authorities Recommend Further Risk Warnings for Retail Investors
    02/08/2019

    The Joint Committee of European Supervisory Authorities has published a Final Report following their consultation on targeted amendments to the Key Information Document for Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Products. Since January 1, 2018, the EU PRIIPs Regulation has required manufacturers of PRIIPs to prepare and publish a stand-alone, standardized Key Information Document for each of their PRIIPs. Those advising retail investors on PRIIPs, or selling PRIIPs to retail investors, must provide retail investors with a KID in good time before the transaction is concluded. The PRIIPs Regulation exempts, until December 31, 2019, management and investment companies and persons advising on or selling Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities from the obligation to produce and provide a PRIIPs KID. This is because the UCITS Directive separately requires these entities to provide investors with a Key Investor Information Document, with different but broadly similar contents requirements. As a result, if there were no changes made to the EU legislation, UCITS would be subject to duplicative information requirements from January 1, 2020. To address this situation, the ESAs proposed amending the Regulatory Technical Standards under the PRIIPs Regulation by moving the UCITS KIID requirements to the PRIIPs RTS.

    Read more.
  • EU Contracts for Difference Product Intervention Measures Extended Again
    01/31/2019

    The European Securities and Markets Authority Decision renewing the temporary restriction on the marketing, distribution or sale of contracts for difference to retail clients has been published in the Official Journal of the European Union. ESMA announced on December 19, 2018, that the existing restriction would be extended. The CfD Decision applies directly across the EU from February 1, 2019, for a period of three months.

    View the decision.

    View ESMA's announcement.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Warns Firms About Misleading Financial Promotions
    01/09/2019

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a "Dear CEO" letter addressed to the Chief Executive Officers of all FCA-regulated firms. In the letter, the FCA highlights its concerns over the practice engaged in by some firms of issuing financial promotions which suggest or imply that all of the activities or investments undertaken by the firm are regulated by the FCA and/or Prudential Regulation Authority, when they are not.

    Some regulated firms undertake both regulated and unregulated business. The FCA has identified that some of these firms are issuing financial promotions which do not make clear which aspects of its business are not regulated by the FCA and/or PRA. This breaches the requirement that all financial promotions are fair, clear and not misleading and that a firm cannot indicate or imply that it is regulated or otherwise supervised by the FCA for its unregulated business. The FCA encourages all firms to reflect on the letter and ensure that their actions comply with the FCA's rules relating to financial promotions.

    View the letter
  • EU Product Intervention Measure Banning the Sale of Binary Options is Extended
    12/27/2018

    The European Securities and Markets Authority has issued a Decision renewing the temporary prohibition on the marketing, distribution or sale of binary options to retail clients for a further three months from January 2, 2019. This has been published in the Official Journal of the European Union. ESMA announced in November 2018 that the existing restriction would be extended. The binary options Decision applies directly across the EU from January 2, 2019 for a period of three months.

    View the Decision.

    View ESMA's notification.
  • EU Contracts for Difference Product Intervention Measures to be Extended Again
    12/19/2018

    The European Securities and Markets Authority has published a statement announcing that its various restrictions on the sale, distribution and marketing of contracts for difference to retail investors will be extended from February 1, 2019, for a further three months. ESMA has powers under the Markets in Financial Instruments Regulation to impose prohibitions or restrictions on certain financial instruments, financial activities or practices to address a significant investor protection concern in the European Union. Product intervention measures imposed by ESMA under MiFIR must be reviewed at appropriate intervals and at least every three months. If a measure is not renewed after three months, it will expire, and it would then fall to member states to impose similar restrictions at a national level, if they so wish.

    ESMA considers that a significant investor protection concern in relation to retail clients still exists. Its statement confirms that the existing restriction, implemented on November 1, 2018, will be extended from February 1, 2019 for a further three months.

    View ESMA's statement.

    View details of the existing CfD restrictions.
  • UK Financial Conduct Authority Publishes Its Final Approach to Authorization
    12/12/2018

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published its final document, entitled "FCA Mission: Approach to Authorisation," explaining the purpose of authorization and the FCA's approach to it. The paper sets out details of the FCA's approach to: (i) evaluating whether firms meet the requisite Threshold Conditions and assessing whether individuals are "fit and proper"; (ii) how the FCA uses authorization to promote competition; and (iii) revoking authorization.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Authority Consults on Permanent Product Intervention Measures
    12/07/2018

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has launched two consultations proposing to prohibit the sale, marketing and distribution of binary options to retail consumers and to restrict the sale, marketing and distribution of contracts for difference and similar products to retail customers. Both CFDs and binary options are considered to have given rise to significant investor protection concerns, due to their complexity, the lack of transparent information at the point of sale, the risk of significant loss for investors and the deployment of aggressive marketing techniques by providers and distributors of the products. The FCA's product intervention powers under the Markets in Financial Instrument Regulation and, where the FCA has gone beyond those powers, the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000, allow it to impose prohibitions or restrictions on certain financial instruments, financial activities or practices to address a significant investor protection concern. The proposed rules would be permanent and would replace the temporary measures introduced, and subsequently renewed, by the European Securities and Markets Authority earlier this year.

    Read more.
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