Shearman & Sterling LLP | Financial Regulatory Developments Focus
Financial Regulatory Developments Focus
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The following posts provide a snapshot of the principal U.S., European and global financial regulatory developments of interest to banks, investment firms, broker-dealers, market infrastructures, asset managers and corporates.

  • Basel Committee on Banking Supervision Provides Brief Update on Various Workstreams
    09/20/2018

    The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision has published a press release summarizing the outcome of its meeting on September 19-20, 2018. The Committee committed to consider Pillar 1 and Pillar 3 measures to prevent banks adjusting their balance sheets around regulatory reporting dates to manipulate reported leverage ratios. In addition, the Committee intends to further analyze banks' exposures to crypto-assets to reach a conclusion on whether action is needed to address the risks that these assets may present.

    The Basel Committee will publish the following before the end of the year:
    • an updated 2018 list of global systemically important banks, along with the high-level indicator values of all the banks that are within the G-SIB assessment exercise;
    • final revisions to the market risk framework (towards the end of the year);
    • a consultation paper (in October 2018) on whether the exposure measure should be revised to alleviate its impact on client clearing, including presenting options for revising this; and
    • the revised Principles on Stress Testing (in October 2018).

    The Basel Committee also published responses to Frequently Asked Questions on the treatment of settled-to-market derivatives under the Liquidity Coverage Ratio and Net Stable Funding Ratio.

    View the press release.

    View the FAQs.
  • European Central Bank Consults on Part 2 to Guide to Licensing Credit Institutions
    09/14/2018

    The European Central Bank has opened a consultation on a draft Part 2 to its Guide to Assessments of Licence Applications by banks. The ECB published the Guide to Assessment of Licence Applications in March 2018, which applies to all license applications to become a credit institution within the meaning of the Capital Requirements Regulation.  The ECB developed the Guide, which is not legally binding, to promote awareness and enhance the transparency of the assessment criteria and processes for establishing a credit institution within the Single Supervisory Mechanism.

    The consultation on the draft Part 2 of the Guide focuses on assessment criteria for capital requirements and business plans, including initial capital, own funds, location, operations and structural organization, banking group and outsourcing.

    The consultation closes on October 25, 2018.

    View the consultation paper

    View the consultation webpage

    View details of the Guide to Assessments of Licence Applications.
  • European Commission Proposes Enhancements to the European Banking Authority's Supervisory Powers for Anti-Money Laundering
    09/12/2018

    The European Commission has published a Communication setting out a broad strategy for strengthening the EU's framework for anti-money laundering supervision. The Communication is accompanied by a fact sheet setting out Questions and Answers on the strategy.

    The Commission notes that, despite the recent strengthening of the EU's framework, through the Fourth Money Laundering Directive (4MLD) and the forthcoming Fifth Money Laundering Directive (5MLD), there are concerns that gaps remain in the EU's supervisory framework. The Commission highlights that there is no clear articulation between the prudential and anti-money laundering rules for financial institutions. It identifies shortcomings in the reaction time of national supervisors and in the level of cooperation and information sharing both between prudential and anti-money laundering supervisors and on a cross-border basis between EU supervisors and other supervisors based both within and outside the EU. While the Commission recognizes that 5MLD will remove certain obstacles to cooperation between anti-money laundering and prudential supervisors, it also notes that further steps are necessary to ensure effective supervisory cooperation, especially where financial institutions operate across borders.

    Read more.
  • UK Prudential Regulator Consults on Revisions to Supervisory Reporting Requirements
    09/12/2018

    The U.K. Prudential Regulation Authority has launched a consultation on changes to the PRA's reporting requirements to reflect proposed changes set out by the European Banking Authority in EBA consultations launched in August 2018. The EBA proposes a number of revisions to the existing Implementing Technical Standards on the supervisory reporting requirements under the Capital Requirements Regulation. These include proposed revisions to the financial reporting (FINREP) annexes of the ITS, which add new reporting requirements for non-performing and forborne exposures, amend the reporting of profit or loss items (in particular on expenses) and amend the reporting on leases following International Financial Reporting Standard 16. Proposed revisions to the common reporting (COREP) annexes relate to the Liquidity Coverage Requirement for credit institutions.

    Read more.
  • Basel Committee Finalizes Technical Amendment to Pillar 3 Disclosure Requirements
    08/30/2018

    Following a consultation in March 2018, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision has published a finalized technical amendment to the consolidated Pillar 3 disclosure technical standard that was issued in March 2017. The amendment imposes additional Pillar 3 disclosure requirements for those jurisdictions implementing an Expected Credit Loss, or ECL, accounting model as well as for those adopting transitional arrangements for the regulatory treatment of accounting provisions. These additional disclosures require banks to disclose, where applicable: (i) the "fully loaded" impact of ECL transitional arrangements used in Total Loss Absorbing Capacity resources and ratios; (ii) the allocation between general and specific provisions for standardized approach exposures; and (iii) the rationale for their categorization of ECL accounting provisions in general and specific categories for standardized approach exposures.

    The technical amendment will also apply to jurisdictions adopting transitional arrangements for the regulatory treatment of accounting provisions. The interim approach to, and transitional arrangements for, the regulatory treatment of accounting provisions were published separately by the Basel Committee in March 2017.

    The amendments covered by the revised Technical Standard will take effect from January 1, 2019.

    View the Technical Amendment

    View the consultation paper.

    View the interim approach and transitional arrangements published March 2017.
  • US Office of the Comptroller of the Currency Publishes Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking with Respect to Community Reinvestment Act Modernization
    08/28/2018

    The U.S. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency issued an advanced notice of proposed rulemaking with respect to the modernization of the Community Reinvestment Act.

    Read more.
  • US Federal Reserve Board Issues Interim Final Rule Expanding the Applicability of the Small Bank Holding Company Policy Statement
    08/28/2018

    The U.S. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System issued an interim final rule increasing the asset threshold for the applicability of the Federal Reserve Board’s Small Bank Holding Company and Savings and Loan Holding Company Policy Statement (Regulation Y, Appendix C) from $1 billion to $3 billion in total consolidated assets.

    Read more.
  • European Banking Authority Proposes Revised Implementing Technical Standards for Reporting of Securitization Information
    08/28/2018

    The European Banking Authority has published a consultation paper setting out proposed amendments to existing Implementing Technical Standards on supervisory reporting, to align the reporting of securitizations with the new EU securitization framework. The new securitization framework took effect in January 2018 and comprises: (i) the Securitization Regulation (also known as the STS Regulation), which lays down common due diligence for institutional investors, risk retention and transparency measures and establishes a category of simple, transparent and standardized securitization in the EU; and (ii) a Regulation making targeted amendments to the Capital Requirements Regulation to provide for the capital treatment of STS securitizations and certain SME synthetic securitizations, including measures to reduce reliance on external credit ratings.

    Read more.
  • European Banking Authority Proposes Revised Implementing Technical Standards for Supervisory Reporting Under the Capital Requirements Regulation
    08/28/2018

    The European Banking Authority has launched a consultation on proposed revisions to the existing Implementing Technical Standards for the financial reporting, or FINREP, framework under the Capital Requirements Regulation.

    The proposed revisions relate to the reporting requirements for non-performing and forborne exposures. The EBA proposes revisions to existing templates to provide for additional breakdowns on performing and non-performing exposures, forborne exposures and collateral obtained. The proposals include some new templates for additional reporting by institutions with elevated levels of non-performing exposures that are not "small and non-complex." The new templates are designed to provide further insights into an institution's portfolios of performing and non-performing loans and/or or forborne loans and advances and on collateral obtained. The EBA also proposes revisions to the reporting on profit or loss items in FINREP and to account for the introduction of International Financial Reporting Standard 16 Leases, which is due to replace IAS 17 as the standard for the accounting of leases from January 1, 2019.

    Read more.
  • European Banking Authority Proposes Revised Supervisory Reporting Technical Standards on Liquidity Coverage Requirement
    08/28/2018

    The European Banking Authority has launched a consultation on proposed revisions to the Implementing Technical Standards that relate to supervisory reporting, under the common reporting, or COREP, framework, in line with the Liquidity Coverage Requirement, or LCR, under the Capital Requirements Regulation.

    The proposed revisions to the ITS are intended to reflect amendments made to an existing Delegated Regulation supplementing the Capital Requirements Regulation. These amendments were made by an Amending Regulation adopted by the European Commission in July 2018. The changes introduced by the Amending Regulation require the EBA to make related changes to the ITS on LCR reporting to capture the necessary elements for its calculation and monitoring. The revisions to the ITS relate mainly to the calculation of inflows and outflows in securities financing transactions and collateral swaps or the unwind waivers envisaged for some SFTs and collateral swaps with central banks. Further minor amendments are also proposed.

    Read more.
  • US Federal Reserve Board, OCC and FDIC Expand 18-Month Examination Cycle for Small Banks and Branches and Agencies of Foreign Banks
    08/23/2018

    The U.S. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, U.S. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation jointly issued an interim final rule and request for comment to expand the number of insured depository institutions and U.S. branches and agencies of foreign banks eligible for an 18-month on-site examination cycle.

    Read more.
  • European Central Bank Issues Opinion on Proposed Prudential Framework for Investment Firms
    08/22/2018

    The European Central Bank has published an Opinion on the legislative proposals adopted by the European Commission in December 2017 for a new framework for the prudential regulation of investment firms. The framework proposed by the European Commission comprises a proposal for a regulation on the prudential requirements of investment firms (including amendments to the Capital Requirements Regulation, the Markets in Financial Instruments Regulation and the European Banking Authority Regulation) along with a proposal for a directive on the prudential supervision of investment firms, which includes amendments to the CRD IV Directive and the revised Markets in Financial Instruments Directive. The ECB was asked by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union to provide its opinion on the proposed framework in January 2018.

    In the Opinion the ECB states that it generally supports the objectives of the proposed framework, which are to create a prudential framework better suited to the risks and business models of different types of investment firms and to subject systemically important investment firms to the same prudential rules as credit institutions.

    Read more.
  • US Federal Reserve Board, OCC and FDIC Issue Interim Final Rule with Respect to the Treatment of Certain Municipal Obligations as High-Quality Liquid Assets
    08/22/2018

    The U.S. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, U.S. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation jointly issued an interim final rule and request for comment to treat “liquid and readily-marketable,” investment grade municipal obligations as level 2B high-quality liquid assets (HQLAs) for purposes of the liquidity coverage ratio rule.

    Read more.
  • EU Final Draft Technical Standards on Reporting and Disclosure Requirements for Securitizations
    08/22/2018

    The European Securities and Markets Authority has published a final report and technical standards on the disclosure and reporting requirements under the EU Securitization Regulation (or STS Regulation). The Securitization Regulation requires originators and sponsors to notify ESMA of any securitization that meets the "Simple, Transparent and Standardized" criteria. ESMA will maintain a list of all such securitizations on its website. Securitization special purpose entities, originators and sponsors of a securitization will be required to make certain information available via a securitization repository to holders of a securitization position, to the national regulators and, upon request, to potential investors. The Securitization Regulation will apply directly across the EU from January 1, 2019 to securities issued under securitizations on or after January 1, 2019. Securitizations issued before that date may be referred to as STS securitizations provided that they meet certain conditions.

    Read more.
  • US Office of the Comptroller of the Currency Publishes Updated Business Combinations Booklet
    07/31/2018

    The U.S. Officer of the Comptroller     of the Currency released an updated version of the Comptroller’s Licensing Manual Business Combinations booklet.  The booklet, which was updated in November of 2017, has been revised to make certain technical corrections and process updates with respect to clarifications regarding the public notice and comment period and a change in the public comment calculation period.

    View full text of the revised booklet.
  • Final Draft EU Technical Standards on Securitization Risk Retention Requirements
    07/31/2018

    The European Banking Authority has published a final report and final draft Regulatory Technical Standards under the EU Securitization Regulation (or STS Regulation) on the risk retention requirements for originators, sponsors and original lenders. The Securitization Regulation requires, among other things, originators, sponsors or original lenders of a securitization to retain on an ongoing basis a material net economic interest in the securitization of at least 5 %. The final draft RTS specify in greater detail the risk retention requirement, including the modalities of retaining risk, the measurement of the level of retention, the prohibition of hedging or selling the retained interest and the conditions for retention on a consolidated basis.

    The final draft RTS have been submitted to the European Commission for endorsement. The final RTS will apply directly across the EU twenty days after publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

    The Securitization Regulation, which will apply from January 1, 2019, has replaced the risk retention requirements in the Capital Requirements Regulation. Once the final RTS enter into force, the existing Commission Delegated Regulation ((EU) No 625/2014) on risk retention requirements, made under the Capital Requirements Regulation, will be repealed.

    View the final draft RTS.

    View the existing Delegated Regulation on risk retention requirements

    View details of the EBA's consultation on the draft RTS.
  • Final Draft EU Technical Standards on Homogeneity Conditions for STS Securitizations
    07/31/2018

    The European Banking Authority has published a final report and final draft Regulatory Technical Standards under the EU Securitization Regulation on the conditions for a securitization to be considered homogenous. Homogeneity is one of the requirements for a securitization to be classed as a simple, transparent and standardized securitization or STS securitization. Exposures related to STS securitizations will attract lower risk weightings for firms subject to the Capital Requirements Regulation. The new EU securitization framework will apply across the EU from January 1, 2019.

    Read more.
  • UK Regulator Consults on Changes to Definition of Default for Credit Risk
    07/27/2018

    The Prudential Regulation Authority has opened a consultation on proposals to implement the European Banking Authority's recent regulatory products on the definition of default in the Capital Requirements Regulation. The CRR risk quantification provisions set out that a default occurs when an obligor is past due more than 90 days on any material credit obligation to a firm, its parent or any of its subsidiaries. The materiality of the credit commitment is to be assessed against a threshold set by the national regulator according to its view of a reasonable level of risk.

    The EBA developed a roadmap of regulatory products that aim to reduce unwarranted variability in the risk weighted assets calculated using banks' Internal Ratings-Based models. Three of these products pertain to the definition of default: the Regulatory Technical Standards on the materiality threshold for credit obligations past due, the Guidelines on the application of the definition of default and the EBA Opinion on the use of the 180 days past due criterion.

    Read more.
  • European Banking Authority Publishes Final Revised Pillar 2 Guidelines
    07/20/2018

    Following a consultation between October 2017 and January 2018 on a package of revisions to certain of its Guidelines, the European Banking Authority has published three final reports and revised Guidelines aimed at strengthening the Pillar 2 framework.

    The revised Guidelines have been prepared in line with the EBA's April 2017 Roadmap for revisions of the Pillar 2 framework, to keep the SREP Guidelines that were published in December 2014 (and in force from January 2016) up to date with respect to the EU and international standards. The EBA also aims to promote best supervisory practices and address issues identified in the EBA's ongoing work on assessment of supervisory convergence.

    Read more
  • European Banking Authority Responds to Caius Capital LLP's Challenge Against Regulatory Capital Treatment of UniCredit CASHES
    07/20/2018

    The European Banking Authority has published a response following allegations by Caius Capital LLP that UniCredit S.p.A.'s regulatory capital treatment in respect of a 2008 issuance of convertible and subordinated hybrid equity-linked securities (CASHES), which had been sanctioned by regulators including the European Central Bank, was incorrect. On May 3, 2018, Caius wrote a letter to the EBA, asking it to open an investigation for a breach of EU law on the basis that the structure of the transaction called into question the eligibility of ordinary shares underlying the CASHES as CET1 capital under the EU Capital Requirements Regulation. Caius has since published further letters restating and expanding upon its arguments that a portion of UniCredit's regulatory capital currently recognized as CET1 under the EU rules is ineligible for such classification.

    Read more.
  • Financial Stability Board Consults on Initial Evaluation of the Impact of Regulatory Reforms on Infrastructure Finance
    07/18/2018

    The Financial Stability Board is seeking feedback on an initial evaluation of the effects of the post-financial crisis regulatory reforms on infrastructure finance. The initial evaluation focuses on infrastructure finance provided by the financial sector, for which the financial regulatory reforms are of immediate relevance. The FSB has established a framework for assessing whether the reforms are achieving their intended outcomes and whether there are any material unintended consequences to be addressed.

    The initial evaluation shows the results of a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the Basel III reforms to regulatory capital and the OTC derivatives reforms. The results of a qualitative analysis of reforms that are at an earlier stage of implementation, such as investment funds rules and accounting standards, are also presented.

    Feedback on the initial evaluation is invited by August 22, 2018. The FSB will consider the feedback in finalizing its report to the G20, due to be published towards the end of November 2018.

    View the consultation paper.
  • US Federal Reserve Vice Chairman Randal Quarles Discusses Streamlining the Supervision and Regulation of Large Financial Institutions
    07/18/2018

    U.S. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System Vice Chairman for Supervision, Randal Quarles, discussed the tailoring of supervision and regulation for large financial institutions.  Vice Chairman Quarles noted that post-crisis regulations made the financial system demonstrably stronger and more resilient, and that there was some degree of tailoring that occurred in the initial creation of the post-crisis regulatory framework.  Vice Chairman Quarles stressed that while steps have been taken since to improve the efficiency and efficacy of regulation, more can be done to streamline this framework.  He noted that there are still improvements that can be made to allow for greater differentiation in the supervision and regulation of large firms and further tailoring, a theme he has reiterated in several prior speeches.

    Read more.
  • Financial Stability Oversight Council Announces Proposed Decision to not Apply "Hotel California" Provision to Large US National Bank
    07/18/2018

    The U.S. Financial Stability Oversight Council issued a proposed decision with respect to a national bank’s petition to not treat the surviving entity of a bank holding company parent merging into its large U.S. national bank subsidiary as a nonbank financial company supervised by the U.S. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System pursuant to Section 117 of the Dodd Frank Act (commonly referred to as the “Hotel California” provision).  Section 117 applies to any entity, or its successor entity, that received financial assistance under, or participated in, the Capital Purchase Plan established under the Troubled Asset Relief Program and was a bank holding company with total consolidated assets of at least $50 billion as of January 1, 2010.

    Read more.
  • US Federal Financial Regulators Publish Proposed Changes to the Volcker Rule
    07/17/2018

    The U.S. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, U.S. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission published their previously announced notice of proposed rulemaking entitled Proposed Revisions to Prohibitions and Restrictions on Proprietary Trading and Certain Interests in, and Relationships with, Hedge Funds and Private Equity Funds in the Federal Register.  The proposed rules seek to simplify and tailor the Volcker Rule.  Comments to the proposal are due by September 17, 2018.

    View proposed changes to the Volcker Rule.

    View full text of the proposal.
  • EU Court Annuls European Central Bank Leverage Ratio Decisions for Six Banks
    07/13/2018

    The General Court of the European Union has annulled decisions of the European Central Bank, refusing to allow six French banks to exclude from the calculation of the leverage ratio certain exposures connected to French savings accounts. Banque Postale, BPCE, Confédération Nationale du Crédit Mutual, Société Générale, Crédit Agricole and BNP Paribas applied to the ECB, as their direct prudential supervisor under the Single Supervisory Mechanism, for permission to exclude exposures consisting of sums in a number of savings accounts taken out with them and transferred to the Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations, a French public investment vehicle. National regulators and the ECB have discretion to allow banks to exclude exposures that satisfy a number of conditions from the calculation of the leverage ratio under the Capital Requirements Regulation.

    Read more.
  • EU Secondary Legislation Adopted Amending Liquidity Coverage Requirement
    07/13/2018

    The European Commission has adopted an Amending Regulation to make amendments to an existing Delegated Regulation (Regulation (EU) 2015/61) supplementing the Capital Requirements Regulation. The existing Delegated Regulation sets out detailed requirements on the Liquidity Coverage Requirement and specifies which assets are to be considered as liquid (so-called high quality liquid assets) and how the expected cash outflows and inflows over a 30-day stressed period are to be calculated.

    The European Commission consulted on a draft of the Amending Regulation between January and February 2018. The Amending Regulation makes changes to the existing Delegated Regulation with the objective of improving its practical application, relating to:
    • full alignment of the calculation of the expected liquidity outflows and inflows on repurchase agreements, reverse repurchase agreements and collateral swaps transactions with the international liquidity standard developed by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision;
    • treatment of certain reserves held with third-country central banks;
    • waiver of the minimum issue size for certain non-EU liquid assets;
    • the application of the unwind mechanism for the calculation of the liquidity buffer; and
    • integration in the existing Delegated Regulation of the new criteria for simple, transparent and standardized securitizations.

    Read more
  • UK Prudential Regulator Provides Hurdle Rate Change Information for 2018 Stress Test
    07/12/2018

    The U.K. Prudential Regulation Authority has published a statement on Systemic Risk Buffers and Pillar 2A in stress test hurdle rates. The Bank of England announced in its March 2018 Key Elements of the 2018 Stress Test that it would be making four changes to the way hurdle rates are calculated. Hurdle rates are the level that a firm's capital ratio falls to during a stress scenario relative to the level of capital a firm is expected to maintain during the scenario. The PRA's statement provides details on two of the ways in which hurdle rates will change: (i) hurdle rates will incorporate buffers to capture domestic systemic importance, in addition to global systemic importance; and (ii) the calculation of minimum capital requirements (incorporated in the hurdle rates) will more accurately reflect how they would evolve in a real stress scenario.

    The PRA has not commented on when further details of the other changes to hurdle rates will be published. The BoE expects to publish the results of the stress test in Q4 2018.

    View the statement.

    View details of the Key Elements of the 2018 stress test.
  • US FDIC Publishes Updates to Interagency Forms
    07/11/2018

    The U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation announced updates to four of its interagency forms: (i) the Biographical and Financial Report (OMB Control Number 3064-0006); (ii) the Bank Merger Act Application (OMB Control Number 3064-0015); (iii) the Notice of Change in Control form (OMB Control Number 3064-0019); and (iv) the Notice of Change in Director or Senior Executive Officer form (OMB Control Number 3064-0097).  The U.S. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System also published updated versions of these forms (FR 2081c, FR 2070, FR 2081a and FR 2081b, respectively) to its website on July 11, 2018.  The FDIC announcement notes that these updates are based upon the comments and recommendations of an interagency working group, comprised of representatives from the FDIC, the Federal Reserve Board and the U.S. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency.  The changes to the forms were made  to improve the clarity of the specific information requested in the forms, provide additional transparency to financial institutions completing the forms, make changes to reflect new laws, regulations, capital requirements and accounting rules and to delete information requests that have been determined to be unnecessary.  The changes to the FDIC forms are effective immediately.

    View full text of the FDIC Financial Institution Letter.
  • EU Regulatory Technical Standards Published on Assessment Methodology For Use of Advanced Measurement Approaches for Calculating Operational Risk Capital Requirements
    07/06/2018

    A Commission Delegated Regulation has been published in the Official Journal of the European Union, which supplements the Capital Requirements Regulation with Regulatory Technical Standards on the assessment methodology to be used by national regulators when deciding whether to permit institutions to use Advanced Measurement Approaches for operational risk. The RTS cover: (i) the qualitative and quantitative criteria that firms must meet before they are granted permission to use AMA models for calculating their capital requirements to cover operational risk; (ii) the criteria for the supervisory assessment of key methodological components of the operational risk measurement system; and (iii) common standards for the supervisory assessment of a bank’s operational risk governance.

    The Delegated Regulation was made by the European Commission on March 14, 2018 and is based on final draft RTS submitted to the European Commission by the European Banking Authority in June 2015. The Delegated Regulation comes into effect across the EU on July 26, 2018. For institutions currently using AMA models or whose application to do so is pending, the Delegated Regulation will apply from July 26, 2019 and certain provisions related to correlation will not apply until July 26, 2020.

    View the Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2018/959.

  • Basel Committee Finalizes Revised Assessment Framework for G-SIBs
    07/05/2018

    The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision has published a revised methodology and the higher loss absorbency (HLA) requirement for the assessment of Global Systemically Important Banks. The revised framework updates and replaces the Basel Committee's July 2013 publication, "Global systemically important banks: updated assessment methodology and the higher loss absorbency requirement."

    The Basel Committee committed, on the introduction of the G-SIB framework, to review the framework every three years. It consulted on potential enhancements to the framework between March and June 2017. Following feedback to that consultation, the Basel Committee is proposing no changes to the fundamental structure of the G-SIB framework and states that it is generally recognized that the G-SIB framework is meeting its primary objective of requiring systemically important banks to hold higher capital buffers. The framework is also providing incentives for G-SIBs to reduce their systemic importance.

    The proposed revisions to enhance the framework include a timetable for implementation. The revised assessment methodology will apply from 2021, based on end-2020 data. The corresponding HLA requirements based on the revised methodology will apply from January 1, 2023.

    Read more.
  • US Federal Financial Regulators Release Statements Regarding Implementation and Impact of the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act
    07/05/2018

    The U.S. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, U.S. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation released statements regarding the implementation and impact of the passage of the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act.

    Read more.

     
  • UK Financial Policy Committee Outlines Steps to Reduce Risks to the UK's Financial Stability
    07/03/2018

    The Bank of England has published a Financial Stability Report, dated June 2018, and a record of the Financial Policy Committee Meeting held on June 19, 2018. The Report sets out the FPC's view of the U.K.'s financial stability, the resilience of the U.K.'s financial system and the risks posed to each of those. Where applicable, the Report also notes the steps that the FPC is taking to address the risks. The record of the meeting provides a summary of issues discussed by the FPC in June.

    Read more
  • European Central Bank Consults on Materiality Threshold for Credit Obligations Past Due
    07/03/2018

    The European Central Bank has launched a consultation on a proposed Regulation on the materiality threshold for credit obligations past due under the Capital Requirements Regulation. The CRR risk quantification provisions set out that a default occurs when an obligor is past due more than 90 days on any material credit obligation to a firm, its parent or any of its subsidiaries. The materiality of the credit obligation is to be assessed against a threshold set by the national regulator according to its view of a reasonable level of risk. The ECB is responsible for direct prudential supervision of certain significant banks based in the Eurozone as part of the Single Supervisory Mechanism and must set the materiality threshold for these banks. The ECB must take into account the Regulatory Technical Standards on the materiality threshold for credit obligations past due that supplement the CRR requirements on the conditions for use of the internal ratings-based approach.

    Read more.
  • UK Prudential Regulator Consults on Reflecting the Systemic Risk Buffer Framework Within the Leverage Ratio Framework for UK Systemic Ring-Fenced Bodies
    07/03/2018

    The U.K. Prudential Regulation Authority has published a consultation paper entitled "UK leverage ratio: Applying the framework to systemic ring-fenced bodies and reflecting the systemic risk buffer."

    The Systemic Risk Buffer is one of the elements of the overall capital framework for U.K. banks and building societies. It is applied by the PRA to individual institutions and will be introduced at the same time that ring-fencing comes into force in 2019. SRB institutions are banks falling within the definition of Ring-fenced Bodies in the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 and large building societies that hold more than £25 billion in deposits (where one or more of the accountholders is a small business) and shares (excluding deferred shares).

    Read more.
  • EU Draft Amended Technical Standards on Benchmarking of Internal Models
    06/29/2018

    The European Banking Authority has published amended draft Implementing Technical Standards specifying the benchmarking portfolios, templates and definitions to be used as part of the annual benchmarking exercise by those institutions that use internal approaches for market and credit risk under the EU Capital Requirements Directive. The EBA consulted on proposed changes to the ITS in Q4 2017 and Q1 2018.

    The amended ITS include all the portfolios that will be used for the 2019 benchmarking exercise, provided that the amended ITS are adopted by the European Commission. For market risk benchmarking, major changes have been made to the portfolios, including the introduction of a new set of portfolios comprising vanilla instruments. Minor changes have been made to the credit risk portfolios including changes to the information requested from firms.

    Regarding the 2018 benchmarking exercise, the EBA has confirmed that firms do not have to resubmit the same data as a result of the difference between the submission dates in the draft ITS published by the EBA and the final ITS published on May 18, 2018 in the Official Journal of the European Union.

    View the amended ITS.

    View details of the EBA's consultation on amending the ITS.
  • UK Prudential Regulator Sets out Expectations on Firms' Exposures to Crypto-Assets
    06/28/2018

    The U.K. Prudential Regulation Authority has published a "Dear CEO" letter, addressed to the Chief Executive Officers of banks, insurance companies and designated investment firms. The purpose of the letter is to remind firms of their relevant obligations under the PRA rules and to communicate the PRA's expectations regarding firms' exposures to crypto-assets.

    Crypto-assets have exhibited high price volatility and relative illiquidity and may also be vulnerable to fraud and manipulation, which raises concerns about potential misconduct and poses issues for market integrity. The PRA's letter does not define crypto-assets, but the Financial Conduct Authority uses this term to refer to any publicly available electronic medium of exchange that features a distributed ledger and a decentralized system for exchange. The FCA recently published a "Dear CEO" letter outlining best practice for firms in handling the financial crime risks that crypto-assets can pose.

    Read more.
  • UK Prudential Regulator Confirms Changes to Large Exposures Framework
    06/28/2018

    Following a consultation in October 2017, which closed on January 4, 2018, the U.K. Prudential Regulation Authority has published a Policy Statement on changes to its large exposures framework.

    The Policy Statement sets out the PRA's feedback on the responses received to its consultation. Respondents were largely supportive of the proposals. The PRA is implementing its proposals largely as consulted on, with only minor changes. The Policy Statement outlines the changes as follows:

    (i) Changes to the relevant part of the PRA Rulebook on large exposures and regulatory reporting - the text of the changes is set out in a PRA Rulebook Instrument, "CRR Firms: Large Exposures Amendment Instrument".

    (ii) An update to the PRA's supervisory statement on large exposures (SS16/13) to reflect the PRA's expectations on the resolution exemption and to provide additional guidance to firms on Core UK Group and Non-core Large Exposures Group permissions.

    (iii) An update to the PRA's supervisory statement, Guidelines for completing regulatory reports (SS34/15), to remove the requirement to submit the UK integrated groups - large exposures data item (FSA018).

    Read more.
  • US Office of the Comptroller of the Currency Releases Updated Supervision Booklets
    06/28/2018

    The U.S. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency has announced updates to a number of supervision booklets, including the "Bank Supervision Process," "Community Bank Supervision," "Compliance Management Systems" and "Large Bank Supervision" booklets of the Comptroller's Handbook, and the "Federal Branches and Agencies Supervision" booklet. The updated booklets replace previously issued booklets of the same titles. The OCC also provided a table of previously issued bulletins and publications that have been rescinded and incorporated into the updated booklets. At a high level, the revisions and updates clarify the applicability of the booklets for financial institutions of differing size; add content with respect to asset management, including assessing Bank Secrecy Act, anti-money laundering and Office of Foreign Assets Control compliance; incorporate aspects of the Dodd-Frank Act; make technical corrections, including clarified terminology and to reflect the integration of the Office of Thrift Supervision into the OCC; include revised concepts and references; and incorporate references to OCC issuances published since each booklet's last publication date.

    View the full text of the OCC press release and revised booklets.
  • US Federal Reserve Vice Chairman for Supervision Discusses the Promotion of Global Financial Stability
    06/27/2018

    U.S. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System Vice Chairman for Supervision, Randal Quarles, discussed the importance of the promotion of global financial stability at the Utah Bankers Association 110th Annual Convention. Vice Chairman Quarles began by discussing financial stability in the United States, noting that the implementation of post-financial crisis reform is largely complete and is now in the process of being reviewed and revised to promote efficiency and efficacy. Vice Chairman Quarles also noted how this review and revision process is easing the regulatory burden on community and regional banks, through reforms such as the passage of the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief and Consumer Protection Act, the Bank Exams Tailored to Risk program and the implementation of a new streamlined Call Report form in 2017. With respect to global financial stability, Vice Chairman Quarles discussed the role of the Financial Stability Board, explaining that the FSB helps to improve access to information on an international scale and promote minimum standards in areas such as resolution planning. Vice Chairman Quarles also highlighted that while the FSB may set international regulatory standards, it has no enforcement powers and no legal authority to direct its members to act. Instead, the FSB promotes effective dialogue by functioning by consensus, which allows international stakeholders to have meaningful input in the decisions that are made.

    View the full text of Vice Chairman Quarles's speech.
  • European Banking Authority Proposes Updated Guidelines on Outsourcing by Financial Institutions
    06/22/2018

    The European Banking Authority has launched a consultation on draft Guidelines on outsourcing arrangements. The proposed Guidelines are intended to update and replace the outsourcing guidelines issued in 2006 (by the EBA's predecessor, the Committee of European Banking Supervisors) that applied to outsourcing by credit institutions. The proposed Guidelines will have a wider scope, applying to all financial institutions that are within the scope of the EBA's mandate, namely credit institutions and investment firms subject to the Capital Requirements Directive, payment institutions and electronic money institutions. The proposed Guidelines also integrate the recommendation on outsourcing to cloud service providers that was published by the EBA in December 2017.

    The proposed Guidelines set out a definition of outsourcing in line with delegated legislation under the revised Markets in Financial Instruments Directive. They cover: (i) proportionality and group application; (ii) the nature of outsourcing arrangements; (iii) the applicable governance framework; (iv) the outsourcing process; and (v) guidelines on outsourcing addressed to competent authorities. A separate Annex provides an illustrative template that could be used for complying with the requirement in the proposed Guidelines to maintain a register of all outsourcing arrangements at institution and group level where applicable.

    Read more.
  • European Banking Authority Updates Recommendations on Equivalence of Non-EU Confidentiality Regimes
    06/20/2018

    The European Banking Authority has published an updated Final Report on recommendations on the equivalence of confidentiality regimes under the Capital Requirements Directive. The Final Report was originally published in April 2015.

    The EBA has added three third-country national regulators to the current list of third-country national regulators whose confidentiality regimes can be regarded as equivalent with those in the EU, following an assessment of the professional secrecy and confidentiality frameworks under which they operate.

    The new entries are:
    • The Guernsey Financial Services Commission (the Bailiwick of Guernsey);
    • The Superintendence of the Financial Services of the Central Bank of Uruguay (the Oriental Republic of Uruguay); and
    • The Bank of Korea (the Republic of Korea).

    The updated recommendations apply from June 21, 2018. The recommendations are intended to assist national regulators in the EU in their assessment of third-country equivalence with the aim of facilitating cooperation with third-country supervisory authorities and their participation in supervisory colleges overseeing international banks.

    View the updated Final Report.
  • European Central Bank Updates its Asset Quality Review Manual
    06/20/2018

    The European Central Bank has published a revised version of its manual on the methodology for phase 2 of its Asset Quality Review, which forms part of the Comprehensive Assessment that the ECB and national regulators must make of relevant Eurozone banks under the EU Regulation on the Single Supervisory Mechanism. This revised version replaces the earlier version of the AQR manual published in 2014.

    In Frequently Asked Questions published alongside the updated AQR manual, the ECB explains that the AQR manual has been updated to reflect the entry into force of the new accounting rules of International Financial Reporting Standard 9 on January 1, 2018. This has required some changes to the provisions of the AQR manual, in particular to incorporate new approaches to determining impairments and classifying financial instruments. The manual has also been updated to reflect their view that bank business models focused on investment services have become increasingly important for ECB Banking Supervision, in particular in the context of Brexit.

    Read more.
  • European Banking Authority Consults on Use of Purchased Receivables Approach for Capital Requirements for Securitized Exposures
    06/19/2018

    The European Banking Authority has launched a consultation on draft Regulatory Technical Standards on the conditions to allow institutions to calculate capital requirements, including on expected loss, arising from securitized exposures (known as KIRB) in accordance with the purchased receivables approach under the Capital Requirements Regulation.

    As part of the new EU Securitization framework that will apply from January 1, 2019, an Amending Regulation makes amendments to the CRR to revise the capital requirements for securitizations.

    Read more.
  • European Banking Authority Issues Annual Report for 2017
    06/18/2018

    The European Banking Authority has published its Annual Report for 2017.

    The Annual Report summarizes the progress made in a number of workstreams undertaken by the EBA in 2017, including the EBA's work on: (i) developing and maintaining an EU Single Rulebook for banking; (ii) promoting supervisory convergence; (iii) developing resolution policies and promoting common approaches for the resolution of failing financial institutions; (iv) determining and monitoring key risks in the banking sector across Europe; (v) strengthening the EBA's role as EU data hub for the collection, use and dissemination of banking data; (vi) protecting consumers, monitoring financial innovation and contributing to easy retail payments in the EU; (vii) Brexit preparations; (viii) international engagement; and (ix) cross-sectoral work by the European Supervisory Authorities under the Joint Committee.

    Read more.
  • US Office of the Comptroller of the Currency Issues Clarifications Regarding CRA Evaluation
    06/15/2018

    The U.S. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency has issued clarifying guidance with respect to the examination and evaluation of institutions under the Community Reinvestment Act. The bulletin issued by the OCC notes that clarifications with respect to CRA evaluation processes were previously communicated to examiners, and that effective June 1, 2018, the OCC rescinded its previous "Large Bank CRA Examiner Guidance," issued December 29, 2000 (OCC Bulletin 2000-35). The OCC bulletin provides clarification with respect to a number of aspects of the CRA evaluation process, including the frequency and timing of CRA performance evaluations, the applicable CRA performance evaluation period, full-scope and limited-scope reviews, the evaluation of various components of CRA evaluations and the timing for the finalization of CRA performance evaluations when there is an open investigation regarding potential discriminatory or other illegal credit practices. The OCC bulletin also outlines the guidance provided to examiners with respect to CRA evaluations, including the factors to consider in the evaluation process, communication with supervised institutions during the evaluation process and the presentation and analysis of performance data.

    View the full text of the OCC bulletin
  • US Comptroller of the Currency Discusses Agency Priorities before House and Senate Committees
    06/14/2018

    U.S. Comptroller of the Currency Joseph M. Otting has discussed the priorities of the U.S. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency before the U.S. House Financial Services Committee and U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs. Comptroller Otting identified the following as his key priorities: modernizing the OCC's approach to the Community Reinvestment Act, encouraging institutions to meet the short-term, small-dollar credit needs of their customers, enhancing Bank Secrecy Act and anti-money laundering compliance, simplifying regulatory capital requirements, simplifying the Volcker Rule and promoting efficacy and efficiency in the supervisory activities of the OCC.

    View the full text of Comptroller Otting’s prepared testimony before the two committees, here, here and here.
  • US Federal Reserve Board Approves Final Rule Regarding Single-Counterparty Credit Limits for Bank Holding Companies and Foreign Banking Organizations
    06/14/2018

    The U.S. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System approved a final rule, which implements section 165(e) of the Dodd-Frank Act, and establishes single-counterparty credit limits for bank holding companies and foreign banking organizations with $250 billion or more in total consolidated assets (including any U.S. intermediate holding company of these foreign banking organizations with $50 billion or more in total consolidated assets) and any other bank holding company classified by the Federal Reserve Board as a global systemically important bank.

    Under the final rule, a U.S. GSIB cannot have aggregate net credit exposure to another single global systemically important banking organization or a nonbank financial company supervised by the Federal Reserve Board that exceeds 15% of its tier 1 capital, and cannot have aggregate net credit exposure that exceeds 25% of its tier 1 capital to any other counterparty (defined under the final rule to include a company (including any consolidated affiliates of the company); a natural person (including the person's immediate family collectively where the exposure to the natural person exceeds 5% of the institution's tier 1 capital); a U.S. state (including all of its agencies, instrumentalities, and political subdivisions); foreign sovereign entities that are not assigned a zero risk weighting under the risk-based capital rules (including their agencies and instrumentalities); and political subdivisions of foreign sovereign entities (including their agencies and instrumentalities)). Other financial institutions subject to the final rule (other than U.S. IHCs subject to the rule) cannot have aggregate net credit exposure to any other counterparty that exceeds 25% of an institution's tier 1 capital.

    Read more
  • UK Prudential Regulator Confirms its Approach to MREL Reporting
    06/13/2018

    The U.K. Prudential Regulation Authority has published a Policy Statement on reporting the minimum requirement for own funds and eligible liabilities and an updated Supervisory Statement "Resolution Planning", following a consultation which ran from January 8 to April 9, 2018. MREL is a minimum requirement for firms to maintain equity and eligible debt liabilities that can bear losses before and in resolution and results in a top up to standard regulatory capital requirements, similar in concept to the old Tier 3 requirements under Basel II. The requirement will apply to U.K. authorized banks, building societies and PRA-designated investment firms, parent undertakings of those firms that are financial holding companies and to U.K. authorized subsidiaries of such firms. The MREL requirement is the EU implementation, in the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive, of the standard for total loss-absorbing capacity (TLAC) set by the Financial Stability Board.

    Read more.
  • Bank of England Confirms its Approach to Setting Internal MREL in Groups
    06/13/2018

    The Bank of England has published a Policy Statement setting out its feedback to the responses it received to its October 2017 consultation on its approach to setting a minimum requirement for own funds and eligible liabilities. MREL is a minimum requirement for firms to maintain equity and eligible debt liabilities that can bear losses before and in resolution and results in a top-up to standard regulatory capital requirements, similar in concept to the old Tier 3 requirements under Basel II. The requirement will apply to U.K. authorized banks, building societies and PRA-designated investment firms, parent undertakings of those firms that are financial holding companies and to U.K. authorized subsidiaries of such firms. The MREL requirement is the EU implementation, in the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive, of the standard for total loss-absorbing capacity (TLAC) set by the Financial Stability Board.

    The BoE's October 2017 consultation set out proposals for changes to the BoE's 2016 Statement of Policy on its approach to setting "external" MREL for resolution entities, to include the BoE's approach to "internal" MREL, i.e. instruments that are issued to a resolution entity from other legal entities in a group. Internal MREL is intended to cover U.K.-headquartered banking groups as well as U.K. subsidiaries of overseas banking groups.

    Read more.
  • Financial Stability Board Seeks Comment on Technical Implementation of TLAC
    06/06/2018

    The Financial Stability Board is seeking feedback on the technical implementation of standards on the adequacy of total loss-absorbing and recapitalization capacity for Global Systemically Important Banks in resolution - the TLAC Standard. The FSB wants to assess whether implementation aligns with the timelines and objectives set out in the TLAC Standard. The TLAC Standard is being phased in, with G-SIBs expected to reach the first minimum requirement by January 1, 2019.

    The FSB is due to report to the G20 on the implementation of TLAC by the end of 2019. The comments provided in response to the call for feedback will help the FSB to prepare that report. The FSB highlights that the objective of the call for feedback is to monitor implementation by jurisdictions of the TLAC Standard and to identify whether there are any technical issues or operational challenges in implementation. The aim is not to seek views on the substantive aspects of the standard or whether any changes should be made to it. The FSB will consider whether further implementation guidance is needed based on the feedback.

    The FSB requests views and evidence on:

    1. the regulatory adoption of the TLAC principles and Term Sheet;
    2. cross-border aspects of the implementation of the TLAC Standard;
    3. G-SIBs' issuance strategies and overall progress towards meeting external and internal TLAC requirements;
    4. distribution of TLAC instruments and liabilities in the market; and
    5. any technical issues or material factors impacting implementation of the TLAC Standard.

    Responses to the call for feedback should be submitted via email by August 20, 2018.

    View the call for feedback.
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