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Financial Regulatory Developments Focus
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The following posts provide a snapshot of the principal U.S., European and global financial regulatory developments of interest to banks, investment firms, broker-dealers, market infrastructures, asset managers and corporates.

  • Financial Action Task Force Consults on Digital Identity in Customer Due Diligence Guidance
    10/31/2019

    The Financial Action Task Force is seeking feedback from private sector stakeholders on its draft guidance on the use of digital identity systems in customer due diligence. The guidance will supplement Recommendation 10 of the FATF's Recommendations regarding customer due diligence and demonstrates how authentication of customer identities in the digital finance and digital ID context supports broader anti-money laundering/counter-terrorism financing efforts. Stakeholders should submit responses to the consultation by November 29, 2019. The FATF intends to make further amendments to its draft guidance at its February 2020 meetings.

    Read more.
  • Banking Standards Board Publishes Good Practice Guidance on Regulatory References
    09/03/2019

    The Banking Standards Board has published a statement of good practice for firms when providing and requesting regulatory references in accordance with the Senior Managers and Certification Regime. The SM&CR for banks and building societies was established in 2016 to improve management within banking sector firms. The regime includes a requirement for firms to request references when determining whether a candidate is suitable for a senior management function, certification function or non-executive director function. 

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Sets Out Approach for Annual Remuneration Round
    08/28/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a letter (dated August 19, 2019) addressed to the chairpersons of the remuneration committees of the boards of banks and large investment firms (investment firms with total assets over £50 billion). The letter sets out the FCA's findings from the 2018/19 remuneration round and informs how the FCA intends to assess remuneration policies and practices of firms in 2019/20.

    The FCA observes that firms continue to address conduct issues in their remuneration policies and practices. It reminds the chairpersons of remuneration committees of their accountability as senior managers under the Senior Managers Regime. Noting that firms continue to adjust awards for material poor performance and misconduct, but that some firms still find it difficult to provide appropriate justification for some adjustments, the FCA states that it will work with firms this year on their approach to ex post facto risk adjustment.

    The FCA letter also states that the annual review of submitted Remuneration Policy Statements will again be coordinated with the Prudential Regulation Authority. Firms are asked to submit a short summary addressing the key points raised in the statement, including the key changes made last year and an explanation of how the chairperson has assured himself or herself that the firm's overall remuneration policies drive behavior that reduces potential harm.

    Finally, the FCA invites chairpersons of remuneration committees to engage in the FCA's work on transforming culture in financial services.

    View the letter.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Concludes No Changes Needed to Banking Senior Managers Regime
    08/05/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published the findings of its review into the implementation of the Senior Managers and Certification Regime for the banking sector. The SM&CR came into force for banking firms in March 2016 with the aim of making individuals in the banking sector more accountable for their conduct. The FCA conducted the review to determine how the SM&CR has been implemented in the three years since its introduction. The review is intended to aid understanding of the impact of the regime and the FCA does not intend to make any policy changes on the basis of its findings. The FCA's review focuses on the implementation of the existing banking SM&CR, but an expanded SM&CR regime will come into force for all FCA solo-regulated firms from December 9, 2019. Firms falling within scope of the expanded regime should, where appropriate, also take the findings of the FCA's review into account in their implementation of the SM&CR.

    Read more.
  • UK's Expanded Senior Managers and Certification Regimes Enter into Force
    07/17/2019

    The Bank of England and Financial Services Act 2016 (Commencement No. 6 and Transitional Provisions) Regulations 2019 have been made. The Regulations bring into force, from December 9, 2019, the expanded Senior Managers and Certification Regimes for all Financial Conduct Authority solo-regulated firms authorized under the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000, which include asset managers and investment firms carrying out certain activities. These firms need to complete their initial certification assessments for existing certified staff and new hires by December 9, 2020, although they must have identified certification staff by December 9, 2019. A transitional provision states that the regime will only apply to Claims Management Companies that are authorized by the FCA by December 9, 2019 and to other CMCs on the date that they obtain their authorization.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Proposes Banning the Sale to Retail Clients of Derivatives Referencing Crypto-Assets
    07/03/2019

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has launched a consultation proposing to restrict the sale, marketing and distribution of derivatives and exchange-traded notes that reference certain types of unregulated, transferable crypto-asset to all retail clients by firms in, or from, the U.K. The FCA consultation follows the final report of the U.K. Crypto-Assets Task Force in October 2018. The FCA's view is that although the U.K.'s market in crypto-assets is relatively small, there is still a consumer protection issue that needs to be addressed.

    Read more.
  • European Securities and Markets Authority Issues Survey on Short-Term Pressure Imposed by the Financial Sector
    06/24/2019

    The European Securities and Markets Authority is seeking responses to its survey examining short-term pressure on corporations from the financial sector. The survey forms part of an investigation prompted by the European Commission into how short-termism in market practices may be inhibiting the EU’s progress towards a sustainable economy. ESMA’s survey is aimed at investors, issuers, management companies of undertakings for the collective investment in transferable securities, self-managed UCITS investment companies, alternative investment fund managers and the trade associations of financial market participants. Responses to the questionnaire must be submitted by July 29, 2019.

    Read more.
  • New EU Guidelines on Disclosure of Climate-Related Information
    06/18/2019

    The European Commission has published new, non-binding Guidelines on reporting climate-related information. The new Guidelines are supplementary to the guidelines issued by the Commission in 2017 on reporting non-financial information. The new Guidelines are intended to assist large public entities (with over 500 employees) to report climate-related information under the EU Non-Financial Reporting Directive. The new Guidelines incorporate the recommendations of the Financial Stability Board's taskforce on climate-related financial disclosures, taking into account the EU's forthcoming taxonomy on sustainable activities. The new Guidelines include guidance on reporting of climate-related information related to business models, key performance indicators, risks and their management. Further guidelines for banks and insurance companies are set out in the annex.

    Read more.
  • Regulators Issue Recommendations on Sustainable Finance in Emerging Markets
    06/05/2019

    The Growth and Emerging Markets Committee, a committee of the International Organization of Securities Commissions that aims to promote the development and efficiency of emerging securities and futures markets, has published a series of recommendations on the development of sustainable finance in emerging markets and the role that securities regulators play in this arena. The report also contains an overview of sustainability-related regulatory initiatives in emerging markets and market trends arising in the sustainability sector.

    Read more.
  • International Task Force Report Shows Further Progress Needed for Climate-Related Financial Disclosures
    06/05/2019

    The Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures has issued its 2019 status report outlining progress on adoption of the TCFD disclosure recommendations for improved climate-related financial disclosures by companies. The TCFD was established by the Financial Stability Board in 2015 with the aim of managing climate-related risk in markets. In 2017, it published a set of voluntary disclosure recommendations for companies to provide information on their climate-related financial risks. The recommendations are structured around four areas: (i) governance; (ii) strategy; (iii) risk management; and (iv) metrics and targets.

    Read more.
  • UK Financial Conduct Authority Publishes Policy Statement on Shareholder Engagement
    05/30/2019

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a Policy Statement containing final Handbook text and guidance on new rules to improve shareholder engagement and increase transparency around stewardship. The FCA consulted on the rules from January to March 2019. The final rules will come into effect on June 10, 2019.

    Read more.
  • EU Technical Advice on Incorporating Sustainability Factors Into EU Regulation
    05/03/2019

    The European Securities and Markets Authority has published its final report and technical advice to the European Commission on incorporating sustainability risks and factors into European regulation. The European Commission sought advice from ESMA and the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority in July 2018 on the introduction of environmental, social and governance considerations into the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive II, the Insurance Distribution Directive, the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive, the Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities Directive and the Solvency II Directive. The introduction of sustainability considerations into European regulation sits against the backdrop of the European Commission's Sustainability Action Plan, which aims to encourage sustainable investment and mitigate climate change risk in line with the 2016 Paris Agreement and UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In response, ESMA opened consultations seeking input from stakeholders, which closed on February 19, 2019.

    Read more.
  • UK Regulator Sets Out Strategy to Manage Risk of Harm from Wholesale Brokers
    04/18/2019

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a "Dear CEO" letter addressed to wholesale market broking firms highlighting its view of the key risks of harm that such brokerage firms pose for their clients and markets and the FCA's strategy for mitigating those risks. Firms are expected to consider the issues raised and take steps to mitigate risks where applicable.

    The key drivers of harm have been identified as commission-based compensation packages (the "eat what you kill" model), inadequate governance arrangements, potential conflict of interest or compliance issues arising from the variety of workflows performed by such brokerages and risks of market abuse and financial crime, all of which may be linked to cultural issues. In the FCA's view, certain brokers in wholesale markets have failed to keep pace with legislative and regulatory developments and lag behind other sectors in embedding a culture of good conduct.

    Read more.
  • UK Regulator Consults on Proposed Changes to Handbook to Implement EU Shareholder Rights Directive II
    01/30/2019

    The Financial Conduct Authority has launched a consultation on proposed revisions to the Handbook to implement changes made to the EU Revised Shareholder Rights Directive. The Directive aims to promote shareholder engagement, effective stewardship and long-term investment decision-making through enhancing the transparency of engagement policies and investment strategies across the institutional investment community.

    Read more.
  • UK Regulators Discussion Paper on Building a Framework for Effective Stewardship
    01/30/2019

    The Financial Conduct Authority and the Financial Reporting Council have published a discussion paper which calls for input on how best to encourage the capital markets community to engage more actively in stewardship of the assets in which they invest. The aim of the paper is to advance debate about what is meant by effective stewardship, what minimum expectations investors have of the financial services firms which invest on their behalf and what higher standards the U.K. should aspire to.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Wants Improvements to Banks' Whistleblowing Arrangements
    11/14/2018

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published the outcome of its review of firms' whistleblowing arrangements. The FCA has reviewed how retail and wholesale banks have implemented its whistleblowing rules by looking at firms' policies and procedures, the role of the whistleblowers' champion, firms' whistleblowing annual reports and the relevant training arrangements.

    Both the FCA and the Prudential Regulation Authority published their whistleblowing rules in 2015 and the FCA extended certain of the requirements to U.K. branches of overseas banks in early 2017.

    The FCA has published its findings, including areas of good practices, areas for improvement and the FCA's expectations of firms' whistleblowing arrangements. The FCA urges firms to consider its findings and whether they need to take action to improve their whistleblowing arrangements.

    View the FCA's review webpage.
  • UK Prudential Regulator Fines Senior Managers For Failing to be Open and Cooperative
    11/07/2018

    The Prudential Regulation Authority has announced that it has imposed financial penalties on two senior managers for failing to be open and cooperative about an enforcement action into the U.K. subsidiary of a Japanese bank by the New York Department of Financial Services in 2014. The PRA's enforcement action follows the financial penalties that it imposed in 2017 on this entity and an affiliate for breaching Fundamental Rules 6 and 7 of the PRA Rulebook in that the firms had (i) failed to communicate relevant information about the settlement with the DFS; and (ii) failed to inform the PRA of the potential implications of the DFS matter for certain senior managers.

    The latest fines have been imposed on the former Chair and a former Non-Executive Director for failing to inform the PRA that a senior manager might be restricted from conducting U.S. banking activities as a result of the action by the DFS. The PRA only learnt about the issue after publication of the DFS consent order. This meant that the PRA could not assess the implications or supervise any contingency planning.

    Read more.
  • UK Regulator Highlights Role of Remuneration Committee Chair As a Senior Manager
    11/01/2018

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a letter (dated August 20, 2018) addressed to the Chair of the Remuneration Committee of banks and large investment firms (investment firms with total assets over £50 billion). The letter informs the Chair of how the FCA intends to assess the remuneration policies and practices of firms in 2018/19. Moreover, it sets out the impact of that approach for the Chair of the Remuneration Committee as a Senior Manager under the Senior Managers and Certification Regimes. The Chair of the Remuneration Committee of in-scope firms holds FCA Senior Manager Function 12. The FCA notes that its supervisors will be interacting with the Chair of the Remuneration Committee to ascertain how the Chair has determined that their firm's policies and practices promote the right behavior. The discussions will include an assessment of how any issues from the 2017/18 remuneration round have been addressed. The FCA also highlights that a Chair of the Remuneration Committee should be satisfied that the level of ex post adjustments are appropriate and be capable of providing reasons for these adjustments. In addition, the FCA is adopting the same approach as the Prudential Regulation Authority and will no longer provide a non-objection statement to the proposed communication or distribution of variable remuneration awards by banks and large investment firms.

    View the letter.

    View details of the PRA's approach to the latest remuneration round.
  • European Banking Authority Sets Out Its Work Priorities for 2019
    10/23/2018

    The European Banking Authority has published its Work Programme for 2019, setting out details of, and planned main outputs from, 37 separate work streams across the following five key strategic priorities:
     
    1. Leading the Basel III implementation in the EU.
    2. Understanding risks and opportunities arising from financial innovation.
    3. Collecting, disseminating and analyzing banking data.
    4. Ensuring a smooth relocation of the EBA to Paris.
    5. Fostering the increase of the loss-absorbing capacity of the EU banking system.

    The EBA also confirms that work related to Brexit will remain a horizontal priority for the EBA in 2019 and explains that the EBA's other activities may be affected in the future by Brexit-related developments. Should that be the case, any substantial change in the work programme will be communicated in due time, in order to seek steering and approval from its Management Board and Board of Supervisors.

    View the EBA's 2019 Work Programme.
  • UK Prudential Regulator Issues Update to Level One Firms on Supervising Remuneration Compliance
    10/18/2018

    The U.K. Prudential Regulation Authority has published a "Dear Remuneration Committee Chair" letter that it has sent to Remuneration Committee Chairs of proportionality Level One firms (that is, banks, building societies and PRA-designated investment firms with relevant total assets exceeding £50 billion as at the relevant date) ahead of its annual review of remuneration policies and practices.

    In the letter, the PRA explains that, with effect from the 2018/19 remuneration review, the PRA will no longer provide a non-objection statement to the proposed communication or distribution of variable remuneration awards by Level One firms. The PRA states that its oversight of Level One firms' remuneration practices will increasingly draw on the principles for governance set out in the Senior Managers and Certification Regime, placing more emphasis on how the Chairs of firms Remuneration Committees discharge their responsibilities under the SM&CR and on how Remuneration Committees carry out their role of oversight and independent challenge under the PRA's Remuneration Rules.

    Going forward, Level One firms can continue to expect engagement throughout the year from their PRA supervisors on their remuneration policies, practices and processes and, where needed, feedback on issues the firm should address. Level One firms should submit a remuneration policy statement and quantitative data tables three months ahead of the firm's preferred final feedback date (that is, the date previously referred to as the "non-objection date"), and an update to the figures at least two weeks before the final feedback date.

    View the Letter.
  • UK Regulator Considers Potential Regulatory Refinements for Climate Change
    10/15/2018

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority has published a Discussion Paper on climate change and green finance in which it calls for comment on potential changes to its regulatory approach in these areas. The Discussion Paper sets out specific action that the FCA intends to take in the short term in four focus areas - capital markets disclosures, public reporting requirements, green finance and pensions.

    First, the FCA is considering whether the regulatory approach to disclosures by issuers in the capital markets should be amended. In particular, the FCA is asking for comments on: (i) the difficulties that issuers may have in determining materiality of climate-related issues such that a specific disclosure would be warranted; (ii) whether investors would benefit from greater comparability of disclosures; (iii) whether further prescribed requirements on climate-related disclosures should be introduced to facilitate more consistent disclosures by issuers. This final point includes whether the introduction of a "comply or explain" approach to the Task Force on Climate-related Disclosures would facilitate more effective markets.

    Read more.
  • UK Financial Conduct Authority Consults on Guidance Under the Extended Senior Managers Regime
    10/11/2018

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a consultation paper on proposed guidance on the Statement of Responsibilities (SoR) and Responsibilities Maps required under the Senior Managers and Certification regimes. The extended SM&CR will apply to all firms authorized under the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 and regulated by the FCA, as well as EEA and third-country (non-EEA) branches. SM&CR will be extended to FCA solo-regulated firms from December 9, 2019.

    Read more.
  • Commodity Futures Trading Commission Finalizes Amendments to Rules Governing Chief Compliance Officer Duties and Annual Reporting Requirements for Certain Registrants
    08/21/2018

    The Commodity Futures Trading Commission has unanimously approved final amendments to clarify and simplify its regulations governing the duties and annual reporting requirements for chief compliance officers at futures commission merchants, swap dealers and major swap participants. The amendments, first proposed in May 2017, are designed to clarify certain requirements (including as to the annual CCO report) as well as harmonize the CFTC's requirements with similar Securities and Exchange Commission rules that will be applicable to security-based swap dealers.

    Read more.
  • UK Conduct Regulator Issues Near-Final Rules on Extension of Individual Accountability Regime to All Financial Services Firms
    07/04/2018

    The U.K. Financial Authority has published Policy Statements confirming the rule changes it will apply to extend the application of the Senior Managers & Certification Regimes to all FCA solo-regulated firms (that is, firms for which the FCA is both conduct and prudential regulator). At this stage, the rules are near-final as they are subject to commencement regulations that will be made by HM Treasury and they may also be amended by subsequent changes related to, for example, Brexit or SM&CR optimizations. The FCA also plans to consult separately on rules for benchmark-related activities.

    The extended SM&CR will apply to all firms authorized under the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 and regulated by the FCA, as well as EEA and third country (non-EEA) branches. SM&CR will be extended to FCA solo-regulated firms from December 9, 2019.

    While insurance intermediaries, which are solo-regulated by the FCA, will fall within the FCA's new rules, the FCA and the Prudential Regulation Authority have separately published policy statements on the extension of the SM&CR to insurers.

    Read more.
  • UK Regulators Finalize Rule Changes For Extending Individual Accountability Regime to Insurers
    07/04/2018

    The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority and Prudential Regulation Authority have published Policy Statements confirming the near-final and final rule changes they will apply to extend the application of the Senior Managers & Certification Regimes to insurers. The Policy Statements do not make an changes to the prudential rules implementing Solvency II or to the wider U.K. regulatory framework for insurers.

    The extended SM&CR will apply from December 10, 2018, subject to commencement regulations being made by HM Treasury. The SM&CR will apply to all insurers and reinsurers regulated by the FCA and the PRA. The Policy Statements will be of specific interest to Solvency II firms (that is, all firms within the scope of the U.K. rules implementing the Solvency II Directive), insurance special purpose vehicles (undertakings with permission to carry on the regulated activity of insurance risk transformation), insurers outside the scope of the Solvency II Directive (so-called Non-Directive Firms) and small run-off firms (all insurers with less than £25 million technical provisions that no longer have permission to write or acquire new business).

    Read more.
  • European Banking Authority Proposes Updated Guidelines on Outsourcing by Financial Institutions
    06/22/2018

    The European Banking Authority has launched a consultation on draft Guidelines on outsourcing arrangements. The proposed Guidelines are intended to update and replace the outsourcing guidelines issued in 2006 (by the EBA's predecessor, the Committee of European Banking Supervisors) that applied to outsourcing by credit institutions. The proposed Guidelines will have a wider scope, applying to all financial institutions that are within the scope of the EBA's mandate, namely credit institutions and investment firms subject to the Capital Requirements Directive, payment institutions and electronic money institutions. The proposed Guidelines also integrate the recommendation on outsourcing to cloud service providers that was published by the EBA in December 2017.

    The proposed Guidelines set out a definition of outsourcing in line with delegated legislation under the revised Markets in Financial Instruments Directive. They cover: (i) proportionality and group application; (ii) the nature of outsourcing arrangements; (iii) the applicable governance framework; (iv) the outsourcing process; and (v) guidelines on outsourcing addressed to competent authorities. A separate Annex provides an illustrative template that could be used for complying with the requirement in the proposed Guidelines to maintain a register of all outsourcing arrangements at institution and group level where applicable.

    Read more.
  • European Central Bank Updates Guide to Management Body Fit and Proper Assessments
    05/28/2018

    The European Central Bank has published an updated Guide to Fit and Proper assessments for the suitability of members of the management body and key function holders in significant institutions. The ECB is responsible for direct prudential supervision of certain significant banks based in the Eurozone as part of the Single Supervisory Mechanism. The ECB Guide covers fit and proper assessments of members of management bodies, both in their management function (executives) and supervisory function (non-executives). It applies to all institutions under the direct supervision of the ECB, namely in-scope credit institutions, financial holding companies and mixed financial holding companies. In the context of licensing or qualifying holdings, the ECB Guide will also apply to less significant institutions.

    The ECB Guide has been updated following the publication of the joint European Banking Authority and European Securities and Markets Authority Guidelines on the suitability of management body members and key function holders, which will apply from June 30, 2018, and the EBA Guidelines on Internal Governance.

    Read more.
  • Financial Stability Board Publishes Toolkit to Abate Misconduct Risk
    04/20/2018

    The Financial Stability Board has published a report, "Strengthening Governance Frameworks to Mitigate Misconduct Risk: A Toolkit for Firms and Supervisors." The report is part of the FSB's work on measures to reduce misconduct in the financial sector and follows the FSB's stocktake of endeavors by international bodies, national authorities, industry associations and firms.

    The Toolkit is designed to provide firms and authorities with a set of tools that can be used, taking into account the applicable legislative, judicial and regulatory frameworks. Rather than creating an international standard or adopting a prescriptive approach, the FSB's Toolkit allows firms and supervisors to decide whether and how to use the Toolkit to address misconduct risk. The FSB also states that firms and their supervisors can use individual tools separately or in combination.

    The Toolkit comprises 19 tools, divided into three categories and assigned between firms and national authorities.

    Read more
  • UK Prudential Regulation Authority Publishes its 2018/19 Business Plan
    04/09/2018

    The Prudential Regulation Authority has published its Business Plan for 2018/19 which sets out its strategic goals and workplan to deliver those goals. The PRA also published a consultation paper on its fees and levies for 2018/19 alongside the Business Plan as well as a report to the Prudential Regulation Committee on the adequacy of PRA resources and independence of PRA functions.

    Read a summary of the PRA's goals and workplan.
  • UK Financial Conduct Authority Finalizes Rules Enhancing Governance of Authorized Fund Managers
    04/05/2018

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a Policy Statement and final rules relating to strengthening the governance arrangements of U.K. authorized fund managers. The need to enhance these arrangements was identified by the FCA in the Asset Management Market Study launched in 2015. The final AMMS report was published in June 2017 and set out remedies the FCA intended to implement to address identified issues. At the same time, the FCA published a consultation paper on the first set of proposals.

    The Policy Statement sets out the FCA's response to the feedback on its proposals and the final rules and guidance. The new rules and guidance applies to U.K. AFMs in relation to their management of authorized funds (that is, authorized open-ended collective investment schemes). The rules will apply either on April 1, 2019 or on September 30, 2019, depending on the lead time that the FCA considers the industry needs to implement the required changes.

    Read more for a summary of the FCA's decision on the various consultation points. 
  • UK Financial Conduct Authority Consults on Proposals to Improve Disclosure to Fund Investors by Authorized Fund Managers
    04/05/2018

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a second consultation paper on remedies arising out of the Asset Management Market Study. This consultation concerns improving disclosure by authorized fund managers to their investors and should be read with the Policy Statement, final rules and revised guidance on enhanced governance arrangements for U.K. AFMs, which were published alongside the consultation paper. The FCA is proposing:
    • new guidance on how AFMs should make fund objectives and investment policies clear and more useful for investors;
    • new rules requiring managers to be clear about why (or why not) a benchmark has been used and how investors should assess the performance of the fund;
    • new rules requiring AFMs that use benchmarks to use and reference them consistently across marketing materials;
    • new rules requiring that where managers present past performance they must do so in an appropriate and consistent manner; and
    • amending the performance fee rules to require that performance fees be calculated on performance net of other fees.
    The proposed rules would apply to AFMs in respect of their management of authorized funds. Responses to the consultation should be submitted by July 5, 2018.

    View the second consultation on remedies arising from the AMMS.

    View details of the Policy Statement and final rules.

    View the AMMS final report and the first consultation paper.
  • European Central Bank Issues Final Guides on Licensing Credit Institutions and FinTech Credit Institutions
    03/23/2018


    The European Central Bank has published finalized versions of its guides “Guide to Assessments of Licence Applications” and “Guide to Assessments of FinTech Credit Institution Licence Applications”, following consideration of the responses to consultations on draft versions of the guides, which the ECB ran between September and November 2017.

    The ECB has been exclusively competent, since November 2013, to authorize all Eurozone credit institutions and credit institutions established in any other EU Member States that participate in the Single Supervisory Mechanism via close cooperation arrangements.

    The ECB exercises its competence in close cooperation with the relevant national regulators. The ECB has developed the Guides, which are not legally binding, to promote awareness and enhance the transparency of the assessment criteria and processes for establishing a credit institution within the SSM. These should serve as practical tools to support applicants and all other entities involved in the process of bank authorization to ensure a smooth and effective procedure and assessment.

    Read more.

  • European Banking Authority Final Guidelines on Internal Governance Under the Capital Requirements Directive
    03/21/2018

    The European Banking Authority has published a compliance notification form on its website, seeking confirmation, by May 21, 2018, of compliance (or intention to comply) with the Final Guidelines on Internal Governance it published in September 2017.

    The EBA was mandated under the Capital Requirements Directive to provide guidelines on the corporate governance arrangements, processes and mechanisms required under that Directive. CRD IV requires that institutions must have robust governance arrangements, which include a clear organizational structure with well-defined, transparent and consistent lines of responsibility, effective processes to identify, manage, monitor and report the risks they are or might be exposed to, adequate internal control mechanisms, including sound administration and accounting procedures and remuneration policies and practices that are consistent with and promote sound and effective risk management. The EBA consulted in October 2016 on proposed updates to its previous guidelines on internal governance, which were published in September 2011.

    Read more.
  • European Securities and Markets Authority and European Banking Authority Final Guidelines on Suitability of Management Body Members and Key Function Holders
    03/21/2018

    Following consultation in late 2017, the European Securities and Markets Authority and European Banking Authority have jointly published final Guidelines on the assessment of the suitability of members of management bodies and key function holders in credit institutions, investment firms, financial holding companies and mixed financial holding companies. These assessments are required under the Capital Requirements Directive and the revised Markets in Financial Instruments Directive.

    Under the CRD and MiFID II, an assessment of the suitability of members of a management body should take into account factors such as sufficiency of time commitment, honesty, integrity and independence of mind of a member of the management body. The management body must have adequate collective knowledge, skills and experience among its members.  Firms should devote adequate human and financial resources to the induction and training of such members. Diversity is also to be taken into account when selecting members of the management body. In the case of key function holders, the Guidelines also specify requirements regarding the suitability of the heads of internal control functions and the chief financial officer of credit institutions and certain investment firms. The Guidelines apply to any other persons assessed as key function holders under the firm's risk-based approach. An Annex is provided as a template for firms to record the results of relevant assessments.

    Read more.
  • UK Banking Standards Board Publishes Principles for Strengthening Professionalism
    03/12/2018

    The Banking Standards Board has published the "BSB Statement of Principles for Strengthening Professionalism - The role of the firm", which is a guiding statement of principles intended to assist banks and building societies to strengthen professionalism in the banking sector. The BSB has defined professionalism in UK banking as "attitudes, judgement and high standards of behaviour, knowledge and skill expected of individuals working in banking". The Statement consists of six principles, each of which is supported by action points on how the principle can be achieved.

    The Statement does not impose any legal or regulatory obligations on firms or replace any regulation. It is intended to assist firms in structuring their own practices and to build on regulatory initiatives, such as the Senior Managers and Certification Regimes.

    View the BSB Statement.
  • UK Regulator to Consult on Expanded Financial Services Register under the Senior Managers & Certification Regimes
    02/26/2018

    The Financial Conduct Authority has announced that it will be putting forward proposals for aligning the Financial Services Register with the expanded Senior Managers & Certification Regimes. The SM&CR has been in place for banks, building societies, credit unions and PRA-designated investment firms since March 2016, whilst certain insurers have been subject to the separate Senior Insurance Managers Regime. The remainder of authorized firms have continued to be subject to the Approved Persons Regime. The FCA recently consulted on expanding the existing SM&CR to all other authorized firms.

    Under the SM&CR, the FCA only approves Senior Managers and it is only these individuals that appear in the FS Register. The Certification Regime requires firms to certify that all individuals in roles which pose a risk of significant harm are "fit and proper".

    Feedback on the proposals to extend the SM&CR indicated that there would be public value in including details of certification of employees and other important individuals at firms in the FS Register. The FCA intends to consult in the Summer on implementing that feedback. If these proposals are implemented, non-executive directors, financial advisers, traders and portfolio managers would appear in the revised FS Register.

    View the FCA's statement.

    View the proposals to extend the SM&CR.
  • UK Banking Standards Board Publishes Further Guidance on the Certification Regime
    02/20/2018

    The U.K. Banking Standards Board has published further Supporting Guidance to its Statement of Good Practice on the Certification Regime: Fitness and Propriety Assessment Principles (known as Statement of Good Practice 1). The new Supporting Guidance, "Establishing Pass/Fail Criteria and Evidencing the F&P Assessment" (known as Supporting Guidance 2), aims to assist firms and other persons assessing fitness and propriety in making certification decisions, particularly in borderline cases. The Certification Regime is part of the regulatory reforms introduced in the U.K. to strengthen individual accountability (namely, the Senior Managers Regime, the Certification Regime and the Conduct Rules). It requires firms to certify that all individuals in roles which pose a risk of significant harm are "fit and proper." The U.K. regulators are proposing to extend the Certification Regime to all other regulated firms. The BSB was launched in April 2015 as an industry initiative to help raise standards of behavior and competence in the banking sector.

    Read more
  • Federal Reserve Board Proposes Guidance Clarifying Risk Management Supervisory Expectations for Large Financial Institutions
    01/04/2018

    The US Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System issued proposed guidance for comment that would clarify supervisory expectations related to risk management for large financial institutions. This proposed guidance would complement the Federal Reserve Board's proposed rating system for large financial institutions and proposed guidance regarding supervisory expectations for bank boards of directors that were released in August of 2017. The proposed guidance provides core principles applicable to senior management, management of business lines, and independent risk management and controls. Under the proposed guidance, senior management is tasked with the management of the day-to-day operations of the institution, ensuring its safety and soundness and overseeing compliance with laws, regulations and internal policies and procedures.

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  • Financial Conduct Authority Consults on Extending Senior Managers & Certification Regime to All FCA Regulated Firms and Both UK Regulators Consult on its Extension to Insurers
    07/27/2017

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a consultation paper on its proposed rule changes to implement the extension of the Senior Managers& Certification Regime (SM&CR) to all firms that are authorized under the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 and solo-regulated by the FCA. The SM&CR has been in place for banks, building societies, credit unions and PRA-designated investment firms since March 2016, whilst certain insurers have been subject to the separate Senior Insurance Managers Regime. The remainder of authorized firms have continued to be subject to the Approved Persons Regime, which will be replaced when the extended application of SM&CR takes effect.

    Given that the extension of SM&CR will capture a very wide range of firms, the FCA has tailored the principles and tools used for the banking regime to fit the different risks, impact and complexity of the firms that will be affected by the extended SM&CR. The rules proposed by the FCA comprise (i) a "core regime" consisting of a standard set of requirements that will apply to all FCA solo-regulated firms; (ii) an "enhanced regime" which will apply extra requirements to the very small number of solo-regulated firms whose size, complexity and potential impact on consumers warrant more attention; and (iii) a reduced set of requirements which will apply to firms the FCA has categorized as "limited scope" firms.

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  • G20 Leaders Outline Action Plan Following Hamburg Summit
    07/08/2017

    The G20 Leaders met in Hamburg, Germany on July 7-8, 2017 and have published a Leaders' Declaration and an Action Plan setting out the G20's strategy for achieving strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth. The Action Plan includes ongoing and planned work on financial sector regulation and development.

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  • UK Financial Conduct Authority Publishes Final Asset Management Market Study Report
    06/28/2017

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published the final report of the Asset Management Market Study it launched in November 2015. The object of the AMMS was to investigate three core areas: (i) how asset managers compete to deliver value; (ii) whether asset managers are willing and able to control costs and quality along the value chain; and (iii) how investment consultants affect competition for institutional asset management. Furthermore, the FCA wanted to look at whether there are any barriers to innovation that prevent investors from obtaining better results. The FCA published an interim AMMS report in November 2016 which set out the FCA's provisional assessment of the way competition works for asset management services, the consequences for investors and the FCA's proposed remedies to tackle the issues.

    The final AMMS report confirms the FCA's interim findings and proposes a package of remedies. The FCA has divided the remedies into three buckets: (i) remedies on which it has published a consultation alongside the final report; (ii) final remedies; and (iii) remedies on which it intends to consult later.

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  • Prudential Regulation Authority Publishes Policy Statement on Strengthening Individual Accountability in Banking
    05/12/2017

    The Prudential Regulation Authority has published a Policy Statement on strengthening individual accountability in banking. The Policy Statement provides the PRA's final policy on a number of issues. Among other things, the PRA has made modifications to the final rules, such as simplifying the draft definition of the new Chief Operations Senior Management Function and narrowing the new Prescribed Responsibility accompanying the Chief Operations SMF to focus on responsibility for the firm's performance of its obligations relating to outsourcing.

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  • Financial Conduct Authority Publishes Policy Statement on Whistleblowing in UK Branches of Foreign Banks
    05/03/2017

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a Policy Statement introducing final rules on whistleblowing requirements for UK branches of overseas (EEA and third country) banks. The Policy Statement follows a consultation in September 2016 on a proposed approach for extending aspects of the Prudential Regulation Authority and FCA regime to require banks and insurers to introduce whistleblowing procedures internally. The proposals are broadly being implemented as consulted upon, with one minor change being the introduction of guidance reminding branches they may continue to have concurrent reporting obligations to their home state regulators. The rules will come into force on September 7, 2017.

    View the Policy Statement.
  • Financial Conduct Authority Publishes Policy Statement on Application of its Conduct Rules to Non-Executive Directors
    05/03/2017

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a Policy Statement on applying conduct rules in the Code of Conduct sourcebook to non-executive directors in the banking and insurance sectors. In-scope NEDs are those who do not hold Senior Management Functions and therefore are not subject to regulatory pre-approval under the Senior Managers & Certification Regime, the Prudential Regulation Authority's Senior Insurance Managers Regime, or the FCA's revised Approved Persons Regime.

    The Policy Statement follows a Consultation in September 2016, which proposed that NEDs would be subject to the five FCA Individual Conduct rules on acting with integrity, acting with due skill, care and diligence, cooperating with the FCA and other regulators, having regard for customer interests and observing proper standards of market conduct. In addition, NEDs would be subject to the Senior Conduct rule requiring individuals to disclose any information of which the FCA or PRA would reasonably expect notice. The remaining Senior Conduct rules will not apply to a NED unless they are also a senior conduct rules staff member. The new rules will come into force on July 3, 2017.

    View the Policy Statement.
  • Financial Conduct Authority Publishes Policy Statement on Remuneration in Capital Requirements Directive IV Firms
    05/03/2017

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a Policy Statement containing final Handbook text and guidance on the requirements for remuneration policies that apply to firms subject to the Capital Requirements Directive IV. Such firms are required to comply with the FCA's Remuneration Code. The FCA consulted on these from September to November 2016. The final rules are broadly as consulted upon, with minor changes to clarify the status of "retention awards" as being different from "guaranteed variable remuneration".

    The FCA has aligned its Handbook provisions to comply with the European Banking Authority Guidelines on Sound Remuneration Policies, which came into force on January 1, 2017. The FCA has also published new non-Handbook guidance to address frequently asked questions on remuneration. The Prudential Regulation Authority further published a Policy Statement and final consolidated Supervisory Statement on its expectations on remuneration on April 12, 2017, which aims to bring its approach in line with the EBA Guidelines.

    View the Policy Statement.

    View the FCA Guidance.

    View the EBA Guidance.
  • Financial Conduct Authority Publishes Policy Statement and Final Guidance on the Duty of Responsibility
    05/03/2017

    The Financial Conduct Authority has published a Policy Statement and final Guidance on how it will enforce the "duty of responsibility". The "duty of responsibility" came into force to replace the much-criticised so-called "presumption of guilt" for UK senior managers on May 10, 2016. The new duty applies to persons performing senior management functions at UK banks, building societies, credit unions, investment firms designated by the Prudential Regulation Authority and incoming branches of overseas firms. Under this duty, the FCA and the PRA can take enforcement action against Senior Managers if they are responsible for the management of any activities in their firm in relation to which their firm contravenes a regulatory requirement and they do not take such steps as a person in their position could reasonably be expected to take to avoid the contravention occurring or continuing. The burden of proof lies with the regulators to prove a contravention. The Guidance applied from May 3, 2017.

    View the Policy Statement.
  • UK Banking Standards Board Publishes Fitness and Propriety Assessment Principles
    02/28/2017

    The Banking Standards Board has published the Statement of Good Practice 1 on the Certification Regime: fitness and propriety assessment principles and Supporting Guidance for the Statement of Good Practice. The BSB was launched in April 2015 to help raise standards of behavior and competence in the banking sector. The Certification Regime, part of the regulatory reforms introduced in the UK to strengthen individual accountability, requires firms to certify that all individuals in roles which pose a risk of significant harm are "fit and proper". The first certification process was due to be completed by March 7, 2017 and thereafter firms must conduct assessments on an ongoing basis. 

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  • US Office of the Comptroller of the Currency Issues Revised Comptroller’s Licensing Manual Booklet
    02/16/2017

    The OCC issued a revised version of the “Changes in Directors and Senior Executive Officers” booklet of the Comptroller’s Licensing Manual. This revised booklet replaces the prior version which was issued in October 2009, and incorporates updated regulations that became effective July 1, 2015, addressing changes in directors and senior executive officers of national banks, federal savings associations, and federal branches of non-US banks. Specifically, the revised booklet explains when prior notice for changes in directors and senior executive officers is required, provides institutions with information regarding the contents of complete notices and addresses the 90-day review period.

    View the updated booklet.

     
  • European Banking Authority Publishes Final Draft Technical Standards on Information Sharing Between National Regulators for Passporting of Payment Services 
    12/14/2016

    The European Banking Authority published final draft Regulatory Technical Standards on the cooperation and exchange of information between national regulators where an authorized payment institution would like to provide payment services in a Member State other than its home Member State (so-called passporting) under the Payment Services Directive (also known as PSD2). The Directive aims to make payments between Member States as secure, easy and efficient as those made within a Member State. PSD2 focuses on electronic payments and payment services within the EU, regulating new types of payment services and payment services providers, which are currently unregulated, and stimulating competition in the electronic payments market. The RTS aim to ensure that information about those entities that carry out business in EU Member States is exchanged between national regulators in a consistent way, that there is clarity for payment institutions about their regulatory requirements and specifies the information that is to be shared between national regulators. The EBA consulted on draft RTS in late 2015 and, having taken feedback into account, has made certain amendments to the final draft RTS, including removing some of the information requirements on payment institutions relating to governance arrangements and internal control mechanisms, outsourcing and the agent structural organization. In addition, the EBA has now provided separate templates for when a payment institution or e-money institution is using an agent or when a distributor is used. 

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  • European Central Bank Publishes Draft Guidance on Fit and Proper Assessment
    11/14/2016

    The European Central Bank published for consultation draft Guidance on the fit and proper assessment of members of management bodies of significant banks. The ECB is responsible for direct prudential supervision of certain significant banks based in the Eurozone as part of the Single Supervisory Mechanism. The purpose of the draft Guidance is to outline how the ECB will evaluate the qualifications, skills and proper standing of a candidate for becoming a member of a management body. The draft Guidance builds on the current draft guidance under the Capital Requirements Directive and the revised Markets in Financial Instruments Directive published by the European Securities and Markets Authority and the European Banking Authority on October 28, 2016. The assessment criteria for the fitness and proprietary of members of the management body are outlined in the draft Guidance. The criteria include experience, reputation, conflicts of interest and independence of mind, time commitment and collective suitability. The draft Guidance provides information on the purpose, scope and type of interviews conducted by the ECB of appointees. The draft Guidance highlights how a decision is taken by the ECB after every fit and proper assessment and the various types of decisions that may be taken. The draft Guidance also notes that under the SSM Regulation, the ECB has the power to remove, at any time, members from the management body of a significant supervised entity who do not fulfill the fit and proper requirements, which is provided for in the SSM Regulation. The ECB is seeking feedback on its draft Guidance by January 20, 2017.

    View the draft Guidance.
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