International Standards Body Recommendations for Secondary Corporate Bond Market Transparency and Regulatory Reporting
04/05/2018The International Organization of Securities Commissions has published a final report on regulatory reporting and public transparency in the secondary corporate bond markets. The report discusses the importance to robust capital markets of making information accessible to regulators and the public via regulatory reporting requirements and pre- and post-trade transparency requirements respectively. The report discusses the approach taken in various jurisdictions to impose these requirements before setting out seven recommendations for national regulators.
The recommendations update IOSCO's 2004 report, "Transparency of Corporate Bond Markets," which discussed the then-existing transparency arrangements for corporate bond markets, as well as the regulatory regimes that were in place in member jurisdictions and set out Core Measures for national regulators to consider to ensure adequate transparency and regulatory reporting arrangements. The recommendations also take into account IOSCO's 2017 report, "Examination of the Liquidity of the Secondary Corporate Bond Markets," which set out the findings of an evidence-based examination of the state of secondary corporate bond markets from 2004 until approximately 2015 and provided a detailed overview and discussion of the markets and how they had evolved since 2004.
The recommendations are:
- Regulatory authorities should be able to obtain the information necessary to develop a comprehensive understanding of the corporate bond market in their jurisdiction. This understanding should include the characteristics of the market and the types of bonds traded.
- To facilitate cross-border understanding amongst regulators of corporate bond markets, regulatory authorities should make a clear framework and underlying methodology of regulatory reporting and transparency available.
- Regulatory authorities should have access, either directly or upon request, to pre-trade information where it is available, relating to corporate bonds. This might include information other than firm bids and offers, such as indications of interest.
- Regulatory authorities should implement post-trade (transaction) regulatory reporting requirements for secondary market trading in corporate bonds. Taking into consideration the specifics of the market, these requirements should be calibrated in a way that a high level of reporting is achieved. These requirements should include the reporting of information about the identification of the bond, the price, the volume, the buy/sell indicator and the timing of execution.
- Regulatory authorities should consider steps to enhance the public availability of appropriate pre-trade information relating to corporate bonds, taking into account the potential impact that pre-trade transparency may have on market liquidity.
- Regulatory authorities should implement post-trade transparency requirements for secondary market trading in corporate bonds. Taking into consideration the specifics of the market, these requirements should be calibrated in a way that a high level of post-trade transparency is achieved. They should also take into account the potential impact that post-trade transparency may have on market liquidity. Post-trade transparency requirements should include, at a minimum, the disclosure of information about the identification of the bond, the price, the volume, the buy/sell indicator and the timing of execution.
- Where there is transparency of post-trade data relating to corporate bonds, regulatory authorities should take steps to facilitate the consolidation of that data.
The report explains that, in the EU, these recommendations are met by the provisions of the revised Markets in Financial Instruments Directive and the Markets in Financial Instruments Regulation, which have applied since January 3, 2018. The report also notes the approach taken by regulators in member jurisdictions generally and touches on the treatment of specific aspects of the recommendations by regulators in the United States, Canada, Japan and Korea.
View the Final Report.